This figure was somewhat distorted by the skyrocketing price of copper. Spanish is its national language and Peso (CLP) is its official currency. The state-owned firm CODELCO is the world's largest copper-producing company, with recorded copper reserves of 200 years. Chile unilaterally lowered its across-the-board import tariff for all countries with which it does not have a trade agreement to 6% in 2003. Chile is never more than 160 miles (258 km) wide at any point. Then, you would multiply 4 by π and get 12.57. Chile Area and Population Density. Chile claims sovereignty to parts of Antarctica. Emergency information concerning Americans traveling abroad may be obtained by calling 1-888-407-4747 toll free in the U.S. and Canada or the regular toll line 1-202-501-4444 for callers outside the U.S. and Canada. Chile population is equivalent to 0.25% of the total world population. The Pacific beaches are notably beautiful, but the cold water encourages more sunbathing than swimming. As a result, the top two vote-getters--center-left Concertacion coalition’s Michelle Bachelet and center-right Alianza coalition’s Sebastian Pinera--competed in a run-off election on January 15, 2006, which Michelle Bachelet won. They came to the area in search of gold and silver. Chile's independent Central Bank pursues an inflation target of between 2% and 4%. The junta proclaimed Chile an autonomous republic within the Spanish monarchy. In effect binomialism meant that unless the most popular party was more than twice as popular as the next most popular party, each district of the country would elect one representative from each of the two biggest political parties. Some of the world’s most widely acclaimed poets come from Chile, including Nobel Prize winners Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda; the poetry scene in Chile is also a major venue for Mapuche artists, who often work in both Mapudungun and Spanish. However, 80% of FDI continues to go to only four sectors: electricity, gas, water and mining. Factbook > Countries > Chile > Geography. As the armed forces bombarded the presidential palace, Allende reportedly committed suicide. Part B is a triangle. Help. km. Its capital is Talca. Police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse hundreds of high school and college students. Immediately following the successful rescue of 33 miners in 2010, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera had an approval rating of 63 percent. However, the AFP is not without its critics, who cite low participation rates (only 55% of the working population is covered), with groups such as the self-employed outside the system. Over the last several years, Chile has signed FTAs with the European Union, South Korea, New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, China, and Japan. It assists Americans who wish to vote in U.S. elections while abroad, provides U.S. tax information, and facilitates government benefits/social security payments. Chile experiences diverse climatic conditions such as hot desert climate, Mediterranean climate, subtropical climate, and cold alpine climate. On Aug. 5, 2010, a tunnel collapsed at the San José mine, trapping 33 miners 2,000 feet below ground. For example, if the circumference is 42 inches, first you would square 42 and get 1,764. Harvesting area of wheat in Chile is expected to reach more than 237,000 hectares by 2028. The U.S. Government applauded the rebirth of democratic practices in Chile in the late 1980s and early 1990s and sees the maintenance of a vibrant democracy and a healthy and sustainable economy as among the most important U.S. interests in Chile. Chile was hit by an 8.8 magnitude earthquake in February 2010. Chile - Land area Land area (sq. Finally, you would divide 1,764 by 12.57 and get 140.4. The country encompasses a wide range of biomes, but by and large the country proved fruitful for growing populations. German immigration began in 1848 and lasted for 90 years; the southern provinces of Valdivia, Llanquihue, and Osorno show a strong German influence. Dynamic and cosmopolitan Santiago is a vital and versatile city. As a result of the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia (1879-83), Chile expanded its territory northward by almost one-third and acquired valuable nitrate deposits, the exploitation of which led to an era of national affluence. Chile (officially called Republic of Chile) is a country on the south-western side of South America.Most people there speak Spanish.. Chile, which claims a part of the Antarctic continent, is the longest country on earth.The Atacama Desert, in the north of the country, is the driest place on earth.The average rainfall there is less than 0.05 mm (0.0020 in) per year. Chile covers a total area of about 756,096 sq. The drive for independence from Spain was precipitated by usurpation of the Spanish throne by Napoleon's brother Joseph in 1808. These regions are divided into provinces that are administered by appointed governors. The judicial branch consists of the Constitutional Tribunal, the Supreme Court, the court of appeals, and military courts. We've got you covered with our map collection. These officers provide information on Chilean trade and industry regulations and administer several programs intended to support U.S. companies' sales in Chile. In response, Lagos introduced new reforms promising greater transparency. About 85% of Chile's population lives in urban areas, with 40% living in greater Santiago. In the 1920s, Marxist groups with strong popular support arose. It is located in the southwestern part of the South American continent and it is a landlocked city which was built quite high in the Southern Andes. It settled its territorial disputes with Argentina during the 1990s. Intermittent warfare continued until 1817, when an army led by Bernardo O'Higgins, Chile's most renowned patriot, and José San Martí­n, hero of Argentine independence, crossed the Andes into Chile and defeated the royalists. An associate member of Mercosur and a full member of APEC, Chile has been an important actor on international economic issues and hemispheric free trade. It wasn’t until the importation of Bordeaux grapes from France in the 19 th Century that the region really began to make a name for itself and really take shape. Chileans voted for elections to choose a new president and the majority of members of a two-chamber congress. The pair successfully defeated the royalists in Chile and in 1818 earned … A spokesperson for the government blamed extremists within the student movement for the breakdown of negotiations. There is an Antarctic Patrol on station during summer months, in order to assist vessels that may require assistance and to combat oil spills. Attachés at the Embassy from the Foreign Commercial Service, Foreign Agricultural Service, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) work closely with the hundreds of U.S. companies who export to or maintain offices in Chile. The growth of exports in 2006 was due mainly to a strong increase in sales to the United States, the Netherlands, and Japan. Deputies are elected every 4 years, and Senators serve 8-year terms. Northern Chile contains a wealth of minerals, most notable of which are copper and nitrates. Besides the landmark 2003 U.S.-Chile FTA, the two governments consult frequently on issues of mutual concern, including in the areas of multilateral diplomacy, security, culture, and science. See more procedures at Institutions and authorities Presidency Of The Replublic. Chile has been one of Latin America’s fastest-growing economies in recent decades thanks to a solid macroeconomic framework, which enabled the country to cushion the effects of a volatile international context and reduce the population living in poverty (on US$ 5.5 per day) from 30 percent in … The Spanish made significant headway over the first fifty years of expansion, but by 1598 the native people were able to score major victories and establish a frontier between Spanish Chilean and Mapuche territory. For the latest security information, Americans living and traveling abroad should regularly monitor the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs Internet web site at, where the current Worldwide Caution, Public Announcements, and Travel Warnings can be found. Each coalition can run two candidates for the two Senate and two Deputy seats apportioned to each electoral district. The current constitution was adopted in 1980; in a rather unique occurence, the constitution was approved by a national referendum. Chile won its independence from Spain in 1818 under Bernardo O'Higgins and an Argentinian, José de San Martin.