Independent samples t-test was used to test the association between gender, area of practice, and political participation. Abaneh, I. F. (2019). Males were slightly greater in number than females. I also think new nurses are unaware of the type of impact they can have on different policies at the local, state, and national levels; they may also not know where to even start becoming involved in politics as well. Politics and nursing: Strange bedfellows? BMC Nursing, 13(1), 1. : 10.1186/1472-6955-13-20, Vandenhouten, C. L., Malakar, C. L., Kubsch, S., Block, D. E., & Gallagher-Lepak, S. (2011). The most common political practices reported by participants were: registering to vote (95.1%), voting in the last general election (77.3%), and voting in the last two elections (80%). Discuss the roles of the legislative, administrative, and judicial levels of … Citation: Alhassan, A., Kumi-Kyereme, A., Wombeogo, M., Fuseini, A.-G., (February 22, 2019) "Nurse Participation in Political Activities: Level and Practices of Registered Nurses in Tamale, Ghana" OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. Many nurses are afraid speaking out or getting involved in political action, a fear that is valid based on our current labor-hostile climate but is completely preventable and must be eradicated. One-way ANOVA – Age, Academic Qualification, and Political Participation. You are pointing out a very important and interesting effect of our “blindedness” to racial injustices toward our minority nurse colleagues. This was not the case for me while in school. Hi.Good information.There are some conferences happening in which medical specialty would be Nursing and here is one of those conferences. The Foundation expressly disclaims any political views or communications published on or accessible from this website. All these findings suggest that even though nurses may register to vote, and vote for a particular candidate in an election, they may not participate in other activities to support the candidate or political party. I am glad to read some nursing schools are including how to have a voice in changing policies in politics involving health care. Nurses can obtain formal training in politics, become involved in city councils and committees, or even run for local office. Nursing is the largest medical profession in the world with nearly 4 million nurses in the United States alone. Instead, nurses should channel their frustrations into making a positive difference in their profession. Thank You. Total Population by Country 2019. Whiteley, P. & Seyd, P. (2002). Political activity takes the work of nurses from being a discreet event in one setting, and raises it to a societal level. Table 1. In fact, it is the moral and professional obligation of nurses to be engaged in legislation that impacts their patients. He is the current Convocation Representative (Professorial) on the University of Cape Coast Council and a member of a number of professional associations. Independent Samples T-test for Gender, Practice Area, and Political Participation, Practice area and political participation. Statistics describing the categories of nurses’ levels of political astuteness are presented in Table 2. To use our power and influence effectively, we need to develop an awareness of the legislative process and hone our working knowledge of the political arena. As Oestberg so succinctly points out, “If nurses don’t stand up for issues that are important to us, those with competing interests in healthcare may be the only ones whose voices are heard.” By joining their voices together, American nurses can influence the policy and politics that affect healthcare. Nursing apathy toward participation in the political process is pandemic. }); You have entered an incorrect email address! Cramer (2002) noted a decline in the membership of the American Nurses Association from as high as 55% of all employed registered nurses in 1948 to only 8% in 2002. These previous nursing leadership positions have motivated him to study the political behavior of nurses. Clearance was also obtained from the Institutional Review Board of Tamale Teaching Hospital, allowing the study to be conducted in this hospital. Factors influencing organized political participation in nursing. Never more so than today has the profession needed a strong united stand within the political arena. I agree this is a huge problem due to lack of knowledge on politics and the effects it has on speaking up for what is right in healthcare for a better outcome. With the patient # assignments and documentation mandates ever increasing, I left the hospital setting for a career in clinical research. Nursing. If we can get the public to understand what we do, and articulate that clearly, we can show that healthcare is not all about medicine and physicians. So, what can nurses do to affect real change within the political world? The authors discuss their findings, and conclude that nurses may not participate in high intensity level political activities, but they do engage in low intensity actions, such as voting in elections. Marquis and Huston define politics as “the art of using legitimate power wisely.” The nursing profession has significant power to profoundly impact healthcare policy on a global scale. Changes in political astuteness following nurse legislative day., Boswell, C., Cannon, S., & Miller, J. Data were analyzed for significant differences in the level of political participation of participants based on selected demographic variables. Dr. Wombeogo lectures in various nursing and health-related courses, at the Schools of Allied Health Sciences and Medicine and Health Sciences, of UDS. Locally, nurses can become politically active by assuming leadership positions in the healthcare system or contacting elected officials about legislation affecting the industry. For more information please follow the below link: They can also attend local meetings, such as parent-teacher association or school board meetings, to share their expertise and advice. Differentiate between policy and politics. Nurses must be seen and heard in health policy debates. The fact that nurses generally do register to vote, and do vote in many elections, suggests that nurses may not be generally apathetic towards politics as has been suggested, but rather may limit the extent of their participation. They bring more energy, more ideas, and more ingenuity to the nursing profession. In what looked like a reverse of this question, nurses were asked to state their agreement or disagreement with the statement: “Politics is not the concern of nurses.” In their responses, 79% either disagreed or strongly disagreed with this statement, again saying that politics is a concern of nurses. This situation is not peculiar to Ghana. :10.1177/1527154413489887, Montalvo, W., & Byrne, M. W. (2016). The sample size was 272 nurses, calculated using the Yamane formula (Yamane, 1967). currently make between 25and 75 MILLION each annually. Hi, POST C: There are a variety of ways nurses can become involved in the evaluation of policy-making. It profoundly shapes the practice and workplaces of nurses at local, regional, national and global levels (Salvage & White in press). Donate to PAC. Scholars have presented various reasons as to why the call for nurses to be politically active is ethical and the right thing to do. And something as simple as exercising the right to vote can impact healthcare policy. The summation and levels of the PAI used in this study included: (a) totally politically unaware (0-8 points); (b) slightly aware of the implications of political activity for nursing (9-17 points); (c) shows a beginning political awareness (18-26 points); and (d) politically astute and an asset to the profession (27-35 points). Legislative Home Legislative Platform Legislative Tools Bill Tracker Find My Legislator Get Involved with Nursing Advocacy FNPAC Barbara Lumpkin Institute Donate Our Purpose Our purpose is to encourage and support all nurses to become engaged in the policy and legislative process to improve the health status of our communities … Setting The section on political participation contained an adapted version of the Political Astuteness Inventory (PAI) developed by P. E. Clark (2008) and used with permission. Afizu Alhassan, MN, BSN, RN Such healthcare company executives Practical Ways to Get Involved with Policy and Advocacy. For more information please follow the below link: Thank you for sharing your perspective on the many ways nurses can affect policies and politics. Note: The values in this table represent multiple responses from participants. 2. Email: : 10.1177/1527154413485901, Shariff, N. (2014). 2. AACN encourages its member deans, faculty, students, and public stakeholders to advocate on behalf of issues impacting the healthcare community and America’s patients. Data analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 21 (IBM, 2015). Going, going, gone: nurses in policy-making positions at WHO. The target audience for this medical event is Physicians (M.D. Below is a list of political activities in which nurses can participate in to change not only the way nursing is practiced, but also the way health care is practiced…So, get involved: 1. Previous studies about nurse participation in political activities have also reported high voter turn-outs among the nursing population (Ahoya, Abhichartibuttra, & Wichaikhum, 2016; Avolio, 2014). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. For more information please follow the below link: It also is the political, economic and financial capital of the Northern region. The independent samples t-test was conducted to determine differences in the level of political participation based on gender and practice area, while the one-way ANOVA was used to determine differences in political participation based on age and academic qualification. As such, nurses have the potential to profoundly influence policy and politics on a global scale. regards Ways to Get Involved with FNA Advocacy . 2016;7(1): s1-s92. The researcher then collected the completed surveys, which generally had been left with the charge nurse. In a study conducted in the United States regarding political participation of registered nurses, only 23% of participants reported making monetary contributions to political candidates (Vandenhouten et al., 2011). Conduct extensive research on the importance of political process in nursing, and answer the following questions: The two most common areas are through professional organizations such as the American Nurses Association and their place of employment. Table 5. In 1973 when Nixon did an illegal personal favor for his friend and campaign financier, Edgar Kaiser, then president and chairman of Kunaviktikul, W. (2014). We requested that participants read the consent form, and sign if they agreed to take part in the study. Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, PhD, MPhil, B.A In a study about the political participation of registered nurses in the US, Vandenhouten et al. National Inspirational Role Models Month, December 1 - 7: National Handwashing Awareness Week, December 1 - 7: National Influenza Vaccination Week, © 2020 HealthCom MediaAll rights reserved. • List specific strategies needed to begin to … • State the rationale for a nurse to become involved in the political process. However, when we compare these findings to the findings that were obtained from an analysis of common political practices of nurses, there was a difference. Based on this typology, the authors classified citizens into six different groups on the basis of the types of political activities they undertook. In M. J. Clark (Ed), Community assessment reference guide for community health nursing: Advocacy for population health. After completing this chapter, you should be able to: • Define politics and political involvement. Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing, 2(4), 1–6. • List specific strategies needed to begin to … It might even mean paying closer attention to issues that involve nursing and health care and … One key objective of this study was to determine the extent to which nurses in Ghana are involved in political activities. Five questions on the inventory did not apply to the political context in Ghana and these were removed from the instrument. Health Promotion International, 26(1), 117-127. doi:10.1093/heapro/dag073. Data Management and Analysis Future research in this area needs to focus on strategies that enhance the political efficacy and participation of nurses, so as to enhance their role to strengthen healthcare and the health of the patients they serve. Study findings suggested that nurses are generally very active in registering to vote, voting, and registering to be a member of a professional nursing organization; however, they often do not participate in other forms of political activities. Strategies for involvement include political awareness, incorporation of course/program expectations on both undergraduate and graduate levels and teamwork. I am also back in school and am now learning to how have a bigger influence in my profession. For one, nurses can conduct quality improvement projects on the job. The study was conducted in Tamale, which is officially called Tamale Metropolitan area and is the capital town of the Northern Region of Ghana. We are the ones at the bedside and those who sit behind a desk and make the policies sometimes don’t have a clue. Kaiser-Permanente. Taking Action To use our power and influence effectively, we need to develop an awareness of the legislative process and hone our working knowledge of the political arena. One of the most popular groups large scale groups is SMYS, which was started after the insen… 2. As Oestberg states, “As nurses, we need to think of policy as something we can influence, not just something that happens to us.”. Background characteristics of participants were described using frequencies, percentages, and means. 1, Manuscript 2. J Nurs Regulation. This section will describe the characteristics of the respondents, report nurses' levels of political participation and present the political practices of the nurses. He has supervised numerous research projects at the undergraduate, post-graduate, and doctoral levels, and provided supervisory guidance for the study reported in this article, from the conceptual stages to its very final stages. / D.O. National Alzheimer's Disease Month Professor Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme has been involved in various research projects and has published extensively in his major areas of research interest, namely sexual and reproductive health; social dimensions of health (including HIV, AIDS, and Tuberculosis); and healthcare financing. Health reform has become largely polarized along political and partisan lines (Keepnews, 2012). 59(2), 155-158. Advocacy to improve public health through the lens of social determinants is critical for nurses … Since Ghanaian nurses are generally more interested in just voting, and also since they register with professional nursing organizations but do not actively participate in the activities of these organizations, it may be appropriate to say that these nurses fall within the category of voting specialists. I persevered through nursing school, despite the 20-hour days with clinical rounds in the early morning, lectures in the afternoon and care plans & papers until early morning hours. Nursing education must start preparing nurses with skills on political advocacy, negotiation, and articulating the value of our profession to the public. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 3(2), 97–107. I did all of that in order to help people, to truly contribute to the greater good making life better for patients. 61(1), 1-2. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.Â, The nursing profession’s potential impact on policy and politics,,,,,,,, Background Characteristics of Respondents He is currently a Senior Nursing Tutor with the Ghana Ministry of Health and the General Secretary of Nurse Educators’ Group, Ghana. Yet, studies have shown that nurse participation in political activities remains low. These percentages are generally higher than the average voter turnout in national elections in Ghana, which is estimated at 71.35% (International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 2019). Key Words: Political participation, Political Astuteness Inventory, political activities, politics, policy, nurses, Ghana. Influencing healthcare in the legislative arena. We have for the most … “Nurses are extremely regulated by state law statutes, regulations before the board of nursing, hospital regulations, ambulatory care regulations, long-term-care regulations,” … \"Influencing Health Care in the Legislative Arena\". And that support starts at home. Political Astuteness Inventory. Cramer, M. E. (2002). Health policy, politics, and partisanship. Nursing Research and Practice, 2014, 1–10. An average nurse can be involved in the political process by being an advocate for the patient through close involvement with the legislator and policymaker. Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, PhD, MPhil, B.A The results of the independent t-test showed that the mean score on political participation for males was statistically significantly higher (15.81) compared to females (14.20), (t (223) = 2.525, p = .012). : 10.1177/1527154417728514, Primomo, J., &Bjorling, E. A. At the state and federal level, nurses can get involved in policy and politics by joining a professional nursing organization. Significant involvement uses visionary nurses toward the betterment of the nurse profession. Vol. These earlier findings are in sharp contrast to the present study where 91.1% of the participants were registered members of the Ghana Registered Nurses and Midwives Association (GRNMA). High-intensity participation: The dynamics of party activism in Britian. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 12(3), 159–167. ...nurses are not generally apathetic towards political activities, yet they are limited in the extent to which they participate. Nurses are playing a major role in the political process for planning the future of health care. Descriptive statistics were used to show the level of nurse participation in politics and to describe common practices engaged in by nurses as a form of political participation. That company now has LPNs making those so-called nurse advocacy calls asking only one question: “has anything changed since the last call?” Patients are literally dying and no one seem to care at all as long as those insurance companies’ executive officers continue making 25 -75 MILLION DOLLARS each year. build(); (2005). Nurses can help to protect health care access for vulnerable populations. More than 80% of the inhabitants are Dagdombas. Whitehead (2010) argues that influencing health policy through political involvement amounts to population-level health promotion. For more information please follow the below link: 2016. :10.1177/1527154413490566, Kelly, K. (2007). I am happy to see an employee of Tampa General Hospital shine. Dr. Wombeogo is a professional nurse, pediatric nurse specialist, public health scientist Senior Lecturer at the University for Development Studies (UDS) and Head of the Department of Public Health at the School of Allied Health Sciences. Another study in the United States assessing the political efficacy of nurse practitioners reported that the participants generally had limited political participation (O’Rourke et al., 2017). Together we are strong. The proportional stratified random sampling method was used to determine the number of nurses from each facility. Only a minute percentage (0.4%) were in the highest category of political participation. This article reports findings from a survey of registered nurses in three hospitals and two nursing training schools in Tamale, Ghana. But I believe this: What makes for more powerful nursing is at least being aware of how policy rulings can affect you and the people you care for. Time and resources are further obstacles to the nursing profession’s participation in politics. Media headlines are filled with politicians body slamming reporters for asking about health care reform, misconduct allegations and tweets that should never be tweeted! No part of this website or publication may be reproduced, stored, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright holder. The American Nurses Foundation is a separate charitable organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. 24, No. :10.1177/152715440200300203, International Foundation for Electoral Systems. Nursing as a profes … It might even mean paying closer attention to issues that involve nursing and health care and … Perhaps they will even bring more political activism. It is great to encourage general political participation, and there are lots of reasons that nurses can benefit from voting and being politically active. The truth is, any nurse can influence policy and politics at the local, state, and federal levels. Nurse Practitioners and Political Engagement: ... processes and recommends steps nurse practitioners can take to play a more influential role in ... become involved, and about one-quarter (26.0 percent) credited a professional mentor for motivating them to become involved. Nurses’ level of political participation was measured using the Political Astuteness Inventory. Nurse Leadership is a successful long-term healthcare facility in the health care industry. Nurses can obtain formal training in politics, become involved in city councils and committees, or even run for local office. 2012;42(12): 46-49. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 225 registered nurses in three hospitals and two nursing training schools in Tamale, Ghana, using a structured questionnaire. Chapter 23 Health Policy and Politics Get Involved! The nurse can advocate on issues in which will result in an improvement of the outcome of the patient’s health. (2013). The result of this analysis is presented in Table 3. He is a health development consultant who has had significant experience in health and sustainable livelihoods surveys and programming, at Ghana's regional and national levels. Maternal-Fetal Imaging – Advances in OB-GYN Ultrasound is organized by World Class CME and will be held from Jan 18 – 20, 2019 at The Westin Riverwalk, San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America. Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent wiseGEEK contributor for many years. When nurses were asked how important it is for nurses to know about political issues, 80% said it was very important. I think it is wonderful we now have nurses in political offices. 12 No. ...only a small number of the nurses were found to be politically astute. These findings are similar to those of Avolio (2014) who studied the beliefs and practices of registered nurses in Canada with regards to political advocacy, and reported that 78% of nurses surveyed either agreed or strongly agreed that it is important for nurses to be politically active, and 76% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that politics is a concern of nurses. During the third week, the remaining questionnaires were collected. Studies exploring the political behavior of nurses in Ghana are virtually non-existent. Nurses can undertake internships with elected officials to personally work on matters affecting healthcare. The results of these tests are presented in Table 4. These organizations often have lobbyists that bring nursing issues to Capitol Hill.