In the vernacular, it is also known as Casa de Bello (Spanish: House of Bello – after their first Rector, Andrés Bello). - 7.93 km/4.93 mi - - 5.96 km/3.7 mi - La Casa Colorada houses the Museum of Santiago, while the Colonial Museum is housed in a wing of the Church of San Francisco and the Museum of Pre-Columbian Art occupies part of the old Palacio de la Aduana. - 4.39 km/2.73 mi - The Providencia Avenue area became an important commercial hub in the eastern sector. Not far from the theatre is the Subercaseaux Mansion and the National Library, one of the largest libraries of South America. This line, inaugurated in 2017, serves 8 million people per year, with 12 trains serving 10 stations with a frequency of 6 minutes during rush hours, and 12 during the rest of the time. SANTIAGO, the capital of the republic of Chili, South America, is situated on the Mapocho, a feeder of the Maypfi, in the plain of Santiago (Cirmil, at an elevation of 1690 feet above the level of the sea, in 33 25' S. 20 km (12 mi) further east is the even larger Cordillera of the Andes, which has mountains and volcanoes that exceed 6,000 m (19,690 ft) and on which some glaciers are present. [43] (percentage of total population, 2007)[44]. Maipú, Santiago Elevation on Map The team plays its home games in the Estadio Nacional de Chile in the commune of Ñuñoa. The General Cemetery opened, work on the canal San Carlos was completed, and, in the south arm of the Mapocho River, known as La Cañada, the drying riverbed, used for sometime as a landfill, was turned into an avenue, now known as the Alameda de las Delicias. For instance, in 1987, the fourth wettest year on record with 712.1 millimetres (28.04 in), there was only 1.7 millimetres (0.07 in) in the 36 days between 3 June and 8 July,[14][15] followed by 537.2 millimetres (21.15 in) in the 38 days between 9 July and 15 August. 1. Pobladores de Chile, 1565–1580, libro de Juan Guillermo Muñoz Correa, Ediciones Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco, 1989. Colectivos are shared taxicabs that carry passengers along a specific route for a fixed fee. The Club Hípico de Santiago and the Hipódromo Chile are the two horseracing tracks in the city. The building is home to the Supreme Court of Chile. The four office towers are served by highway and subway connections.[63]. In 1990 the total population under 20 years was 38.0% and 8.9% were over 60. [59], As of 2006, Santiago was home to 992,000 vehicles, 979,000 of which were motorized. La ley orgánica de 1842, "Los Mejores Puntajes Prefieren la UC – DSRD – PUC", "Kardeş Kentleri Listesi ve 5 Mayıs Avrupa Günü Kutlaması, "Declaración de Hermanamiento múltiple y solidario de todas las Capitales de Iberoamérica (12-10-82)", Bibliography of the history of Santiago de Chile, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santiago&oldid=989551642, 1541 establishments in the Captaincy General of Chile, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2016, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile (humidity and precipitation days 1970–2000), Source 1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile, Terminal San Borja: located in Metro station ". The latter houses the Museum of pre-Columbian art. Many people use folding bicycles to commute to work.[67]. Quinta Normal, Santiago Elevation on Map Around 1.2% of the population declared themselves as being Jehovah's Witnesses, while 2.0% identified themselves as Latter-day Saints (Mormons), 0.3% as Jewish, 0.1% as Orthodox and 0.1% as Muslim. Lo Prado, Santiago Elevation on Map It consists of fourteen different departments. [47] Some international institutions, such as ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean), have their offices in Santiago. It is also one of the largest cities in the Americas. With the arrival of the new century, the city began to experience various changes related to the strong development of industry. It works by combining local (feeder) bus lines and main bus lines, as well for the EFE commuter trains and the Metro network. That means that while certain cities may have low elevations listed, expect to change elevations as you travel. Recorded March 2, 2009. In 1780, Governor Agustín de Jáuregui hired the Italian architect Joaquín Toesca, who would design, among other important works, the façade of the cathedral, the Palacio de La Moneda, the canal San Carlos, and the final construction of the embankments during the government of Ambrosio O'Higgins. The airport is located in the western commune of Pudahuel. 4,313,719 people in Chile say they were born in one of the communes of the Santiago Metropolitan Region,[43] which, according to the 2002 census, amounts to 28.5% of the national total. This tool allows you to look up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map. La Florida on map 23% of public transit riders ride for more than 2 hours every day. Quilicura, Santiago Elevation on Map Elevation : 492 meters / 1614.17 feet. According to certain archaeological investigations, it is believed that the first human groups reached the Santiago basin in the 10th millennium BC. La Granja, Santiago Elevation on Map However, the shrine would not be completed until some decades later. Elevation : 965 meters / 3166.01 feet, 14. In the summer days are very warm to hot, often reaching over 30 °C (86 °F) and a record high close to 38 °C (100 °F),[19] while nights are very pleasant and cool, at 11 °C (52 °F). There are several bus terminals in Santiago: A network of free flow toll highways connects the various areas of the city. When founded, Valdivia used the name "Santiago del Nuevo Extremo" or "Nueva Extremadura", based on the territory he expected to colonize and that he named honouring his native Extremadura. In the following years it continued to expand, with two perpendicular lines in place by the end of 1978. The Costanera Center was completed in 2009, and includes housing, shopping, and entertainment venues. This page shows the elevation/altitude information of Valparaíso, Valparaiso Region, Chile, including elevation map, topographic map, narometric pressure, longitude and latitude. [citation needed], The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Santiago - to and from work, for example - on a weekday is 84 min. The strong economy and low government debt is attracting migrants from Europe and the United States.[48]. To reinvent the area, the main shopping streets were turned into pedestrian walkways, such as the Paseo Ahumada, and the government instituted tax benefits for the construction of residential buildings, which attracted young adults. To tackle these issues a new transport system, called Transantiago, was devised. It includes several major universities, and has developed a modern transportation infrastructure, including a free flow toll-based, partly underground urban freeway system and the Metro de Santiago, South America's most extensive subway system. The Andes Mountains can be seen from most points in the city. [31] In the 1990s air pollution fell by about one-third, but there has been little progress since 2000. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 15 min, while 21% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Alonso de Cordova also houses some of Santiago's most famous restaurants, art galleries, wine showrooms and furniture stores. In recent years many cycle paths have been constructed, but so far the number is limited and with little connections between the routes. The road General Velásquez and sections of the Pan-American Highway in Santiago were converted into the Autopista Central, while Américo Vespucio became variously the highways Vespucio Norte Express and Vespucio Sur, as well as Vespucio Oriente in the future. During recent decades, urban growth has outgrown the boundaries of the city, expanding to the east up the slopes of the Andean Precordillera. La Florida, Santiago Elevation on Map It has faced a number of problems since its launch. In the following decades, Santiago continued to grow unabated. It connects the rural areas north of Santiago. Maipú on map Santiago is an economically divided city (Gini coefficient of 0.47). The most popular is the Metrotren Nos service, between the Central Station of Santiago and Nos station, in San Bernardo. Am traveling by bus in February from Santiago to Mendoza and would like to know if anyone knows about how long the bus will be at altitude above about 8,000 feet. Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (IATA: SCL) is Santiago's national and international airport and the principal hub of LATAM Airlines, Sky Airline, Aerocardal and JetSmart. This new peripheral development led to the end of the traditional checkerboard structure that previously governed the city center. Peñalolén on map The city is situated in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains.. As of August 2019, the population of Santiago is about 6,300,000 people.. Santiago covers a total area of 641 square kilometers (248 square miles). Created primarily for educational use, they also became examples of public planning during that period. [56][57] Line 6 was inaugurated in 2017, adding 10 stations to the network and approximately 15 km (9 mi) of track. Huechuraba on map Lo Prado on map The topography within 2 miles of Santiago contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,818 feet. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. The natives accepted and even recommended the foundation of the town on a small island between two branches of the river next to a small hill called Huelén. ... At 5,880 feet on Colorado’s Western Slope, The Storm Cellar vineyard is the highest in the Northern Hemisphere. However, this growth was experienced on the outskirts and not in the town itself. The name of "Santiago" originates in the name chosen by the Spanish conqueror, Pedro de Valdivia, when founded the city in 1541. The latitude of Santiago, Región Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile is -33.459229, and the longitude is -70.645348.Santiago, Región Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile is located at Chile country in the Cities place category with the gps coordinates of 33° 27' 33.2244'' S and 70° 38' 43.2528'' W. A series of disasters impeded the development of the city during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: an earthquake, a 1575 smallpox epidemic, in 1590, 1608, and 1618, the Mapocho River floods, and, finally, the earthquake of 13 May 1647, which killed over 600 people and affected more than five thousand others. The whole of Greater Santiago does not fit perfectly into any administrative division, as it extends into four different provinces and 37 communes. Santiago is the administrative, cultural, industrial and financial center of the country. Bus companies provide passenger transportation from Santiago to most areas of the country as well as to foreign destinations, while some also provide parcel shipping and delivery services. Elevation, latitude and longitude of Las Condes, Santiago, Chile on the world topo map. [51] In January 2010, Cencosud announced the restart of the project, and this was taken generally as a symbol of the country's success over the global financial crisis. La Cisterna on map Elevation : 569 meters / 1866.8 feet, 12. 805,000 cars passed through the city, which is 37.6% of the national total[clarification needed] or one car for every seven people.[60]. This tool allows you to look up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 86.0 meters or 282.2 feet above mean sea level. Many migrants arrived in Santiago with nothing and thousands had to survive on the streets due to the great difficulty in finding a place they could rent. The geographical location and very particular (and long) shape that allows different weather and vegetation manifest throughout the country. Elevation : 508 meters / 1666.67 feet, 22. Peldehue airport in Colina is under construction and set to start operations in January 2019.[54]. Its origins date back to 1813, when it was created by the nascent Republic and was moved to its current premises a century later, also home to the headquarters of the National Archives. Other important buildings were opened during this era, such as the Teatro Municipal opera house, and the Club Hípico de Santiago. In the case of buses, the system underwent a major reform in the early 1990s. The feeling that the early 20th century was an era of economic growth due to technological advances contrasted dramatically with the standard of living of lower social classes. The system, however, had serious issues with routes overlapping, high levels of air and noise pollution, and safety problems for both riders and drivers. Of these, 93 are located within the commune of Santiago, considered the historic center of the city. These two events, however, did not prevent the city's rapid, continued growth. - 12.48 km/7.76 mi - Quinta Normal on map Valdivia honored James the Great, the patron saint of Spain. In 2007 the master plan known as Transantiago was established. North of the Plaza de Armas ("Square of Arms," where the colonial militia was mustered) are the Paseo Puente, the Santo Domingo Church (1771), and the Central Market (Mercado Central), an ornamental iron building. It also prevents the entry of air masses, with the exception of some coastal low clouds that penetrate to the basin through the river valleys.[21]. Airport Use: Open to the Public: Airport Communications. During autumn and winter the temperature drops, and is slightly lower than 10 °C (50 °F). ", "The Santiago Times – News and Current Affairs From Chile", "Es oficial: el 3 de febrero se correrá la Fórmula E en Santiago", "Bicycles in Santiago, New York, and Tokyo", "In Progress: Baháʼí Temple of South America / Hariri Pontarini Architects", Fuentes documentales y bibliográficas para el estudio de la historia de Chile. Santiago, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile elevation. The latter project involved the construction of various modernist buildings for the establishment of the offices of ministries and other public services, as well as commencing the construction of medium-rise buildings. About the year 800, the first sedentary inhabitants began to settle due to the formation of agricultural communities along the Mapocho River, mainly maize, potatoes and beans, and the domestication of camelids in the area. At the Mapocho river's southern side, the Parque Forestal was created and new buildings such as the Museum of Fine Arts, the Barros Arana public boarding school and the National Library were opened. Regulation of the growth only began to be implemented during the 1960s with the creation of various development plans for Greater Santiago, a concept that reflected the new reality of a much larger city. [17] In winter, the snow line is about 2,100 metres (6,890 ft), and it ranges from 1,500–2,900 metres (4,921–9,514 ft). Both of these constructions consisted of mainly adobe and stone. In January 2009 the retailer in charge, Cencosud, said in a statement that the construction of the mega-mall would gradually be reduced until financial uncertainty is cleared. The stratovolcano, which is shared with Argentina, is part of the Andean ranges and lies within the Atacama Desert. EFE provides suburban rail service under the brandname of Metrotren. There are ski resorts to the east of the city (Valle Nevado, La Parva, El Colorado) and wineries in the plains west of the city. Valdivia left months later to the south with his troops, beginning the War of Arauco. Valdivia later summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura. Most cyclists ride on the street, and the use of helmets and lights is not widespread, even though it is mandatory. Under construction at the time, the station would be opened permanently in 1884. An extensive network of streets and avenues stretching across Santiago facilitate travel between the different communities that make up the metropolitan area. Other major roads include the Avenida Los Pajaritos to the west and Providencia Avenue and Apoquindo Avenue to the east. Magnetic Variation is 8° West Operations Data. In communes such as Santiago Centro and Independencia, according to 2017 census, 1/3 of residents is a Latin American immigrant (28% and 31% of the population of these communes, respectively). Santiago is named after the biblical figure St. James. Joaquín Larraín Gandarillas (1822–1897), Archbishop of Anazarba, was the founder and first rector of the PUC. The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets mostly in nearby Valparaíso. Several mercados in the city such as the Mercado Central de Santiago sell local goods. The city is entirely located in the country's central valley. La Reina on map The population surged again via migration from rural sectors between 1940 and 1960. The development of tall buildings continues in the eastern sector, which culminated in the opening of the skyscrapers Titanium La Portada and Gran Torre Santiago in the Costanera Center complex. This system also offers reduced fares for the elderly, as well as high school and university students. "Chile's Earthquake: View from Santiago.". The royal government lasted until 1817, when the Army of the Andes secured victory in battle of Chacabuco, reinstating the patriot government in Santiago.