objectives the children will: Know everyone is valued by God. Cookie Notice: Prophets i. Psalm 57 shows David with a humble heart: Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me! Promotional Images & Ministry Logos ", a. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. He simply and honestly says, "Let not the king impute anything to his servant.". GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Wisdom Literature 3. Then, David had a brief but intense period of backsliding, a dramatic turn to the LORD and deliverance from a life-threatening situation. Dear Abby (1 Samuel 25:1-44) 23. Pentateuch (Clarke). ", David and the men who were with him had been discovered, With a spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him, Will the son of Jesse give everyone of you fields and vineyards, All of you have conspired against me … there is not one of you who is sorry for me, My son has stirred up my servant against me, He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath, Let not the king impute anything to his servant, you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much, And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, "You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father's house! The anointed (messiah) of the Lord, his king (2 Samuel 22:51), his servant (Psalms 18:1-50; inscription). set over the servants--Septuagint, "the mules of Saul." For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much: Ahimelech is telling the exact truth. i. Ahimelech is so unaware of the hatred Saul has for David that he praises David before the jealous king: And who among all your servants is as faithful as David. In the wilderness, did Jesus have supernatural power to resist temptation? So, Psalm 142 describes David's discouraged heart: I cry out to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD I make my supplication. Saul was reluctant to kill the enemies of the LORD when he was commanded to (1 Samuel 15:9). Memorize the following 15 periods of Bible history. -------------------- So when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him. David had to learn to trust God in the midst of the danger, not on the other side of the danger! Historical Books But the glory of these 400 is that they came to David in the cave. I will praise You forever, because You have done it; and in the presence of Your saints I will wait on Your name, for it is good. Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, "I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. (1Sa 22:16-19) Saul commands the execution of the priests and their families, and Doeg the Edomite carries it out. i. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. 9. c. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests: Doeg, who was not a Jew, but an Edomite, didn't hesitate to murder the priests and their families. David couldn't help but think, "Boy, I've come a long way from the Valley of Elah! A prayer when he was in the cave. 22 In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head, and the LORD will reward you.” Instead of revenge, we need to show kindness and compassion to others. In Psalm 52, David shows his confidence in God's judgments: God shall likewise destroy you forever; He shall take you away, and pluck you out of your dwelling place, and uproot you from the land of the living. Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. So David said to Abiathar, "I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. -------------------- range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed ii. All rights reserved. 2 Samuel 7:1-17 International Bible Lesson Old Series (2014) “Now therefore thus you shall say to my servant David: Thus says the LORD of hosts: I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep to be prince over my people Israel” (2 Samuel 7:8—NRSV). He needs someone who has no respect nor concern for that Law: a Gentile, And in this case, Saul happens to have that Gentile standing by, Or for that matter, the women, children, even infants, oxen and the rest, There is no indication that the king expected this response, Rather, it seems Doeg went well beyond the call of duty, either out of hatred for Jews or simply to impress the king, The Septuagint indicates that Doeg killed not 85 but rather 385, Josephus also wrote that Doeg killed 300 priests and prophets in Nob, It would seem that he wiped out the family of the high priest and the city of Nob, Ironically, Saul was unwilling to wipe out the Gentile enemies of Israel, the Amalekites, as God directed, But he was all too willing to sin against the Lord by allowing a Gentile to wipe out the Jewish priesthood, But one member of the family survives to perpetuate the priesthood, The priesthood of Eli is doomed to come to an end one day in the future during Solomon’s reign, But for now, it continues through Eli’s family by means of this one refugee, Abiathar escapes from Doeg and makes his way to David, He must have figured that he would be a hunted man like David, so he might as well align with David, Now we can see the wisdom of the Lord in allowing Doeg to attack the priests, This is an example of the Lord turning all things to good for those who love him, Because of Saul’s sin and the sin of this Edomite, the only priest remaining in the line of the high priests is with David, not Saul, David has become the protector of the priesthood and so it will forever be with David, And of course, the Lord is using David and Saul to extinguish the line of Eli as He promised to do, Nevertheless, David is distraught at the thought he was responsible for the death of the priests, David’s blaming himself and though we might be tempted to say he’s overreacting, it’s not far from the truth, His decision to go to the priests was a mistake, And when he saw Doeg, he admits he knew this man would report what he saw, So at the very least he should have stopped Doeg from returning, Nevertheless, David isn’t directly to blame for Saul’s actions, And more than that, he’s psychologically and emotionally unhinged as a result, When Paul says the wages of sin is death, he is speaking broadly about the condition of our soul, When a person lives in persistent sin against the Lord, eventually the wages (i.e., the return) on that lifestyle take their toll, A person suffers a slow death socially, psychologically, physically and even spiritually, If a person has saving faith, then God’s grace will preserve them from the ultimate penalty of their sin, that is the Second Death, But nevertheless, they may still suffer the side effects of sin in this life, This is the state of Saul, a man earning the wages of sin including a deteriorating psyche willing to murder the innocent to obtain what he desires, As David reflected on these circumstances, he wrote another Psalm, Now the story returns to David for a time, once again contrasting the increasing rebellion of Saul with the increasing obedience of David, We assume David returned from Moab to the large cave of Adullam, From there he learns that the Philistines have attacked a Jewish town called Keilah, This town is only about 2.5 miles south of David’s cave, so he recognizes an opportunity to help his Jewish brothers, The Philistines were raiding the grain storage of the Jews living in the surround area of the Shephelah, So David asks the Lord whether he should assist in the defense of the city, Notice David starts with an inquiry of the Lord in prayer, asking for direction, This is the first of four times David seeks the Lord’s counsel in this matter, Interestingly, David’s inquiry of the Lord was by means of the ephod of the high priest who now accompanied him, The ephod of the priest contained two special stones called Urim and Thummim, which means lights and perfection or truth, These stones could be used to divine the will of God, The priest could ask a yes/no question of God and then throw the stones, The stones would then reveal the answer in some way, Obviously, this was a supernatural provision God made available to Israel so that they might seek His will, These stones had been in possession of Saul’s priests, so Saul could have inquired of God at any time, But Saul made no effort to know God’s will, Because he had no interest in following it, The loss of the priests made little difference to Saul, But the arrival of this priest has now become the means for David to operate with the guidance and direction of God, When he asks the Lord whether to proceed into the city, the Lord says go, So David tells his men of the plan, but they object to the sense of it. God called an unlikely and unique group to David in Adullam cave. The sheer pressures of these frustrations drives them to the refuge of the blood of Christ that was shed for them." He had tried to kill David many times before, and had even tried to kill his own son. a. The servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD. "Hereby also God would exercise David's faith, and wisdom, and courage; and so prepare him for the kingdom, and uphold and increase his reputation among the people." Their own lives weren't easy or together. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, I Samuel Lesson 22: Contact: David Parham 940-322-4343 Website: Internet Bible Studies. Thank you for registering. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. i. (Trapp), ii. Please see Blue Letter Bible's Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. But here he isn't reluctant to murder the priests of the LORD in cold blood. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. of Scripture. -------------------- 13 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 24.8-22 Imagine how tempting it may have been for Favid to kill Saul. -------------------- (Meyer). Will I be a man of Saul or a man of David? The Son of David is ready to receive distressed souls, who will be commanded by him. 1 Samuel 21:7 says that Doeg was detained before the LORD there, but that doesn't necessarily mean that he was honoring or really worshipping the LORD. Lesson 10. The New Testament (1Sa 22:5) David hears from the prophet Gad. Poetical Books I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house. Any man in the place of sin and rebellion Saul is in can't stand to see an innocent, guileless man like Ahimelech not in agreement with him. When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then You knew my path. Pentateuch If you need help, consult a Bible dictionary or similar reference work. David, being driven from Achish, returns into the land of Israel to be hunted by Saul. Any way you slice it, David's lies came to no good. When we do this, it helps them to see their own wrong actions. Pauline Epistles For he who seeks my life seeks your life, but with me you shall be safe. A person’s life is not deemed valuable because of their particular office or function. (Redpath). b. Doeg implicates the priest Ahimelech as David's accomplice. John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me… Poetical Books Psalm 57 shows a heart of trusting praise to the LORD: I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples; I will sing to You among the nations … Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let Your glory be above all the earth. But at the very least, he kept Ahimelech from dying with greater honor. In the way in which I walk they have secretly set a snare for me. Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters, Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. Pentateuch In 1 Samuel 17:28, David's brother unjustly accused and criticized David. David made them into the kind of men described in 1 Chronicles 12:8: Mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle the shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains. a. Johannine Writings As a result of his fear, he made a number of mistakes. The Gospels (B)When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there.2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered(C)around him, and he became their … b. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house: David meant this in two ways. a. David therefore departed from there: David has been through a lot. ii. First Samuel 22:1-23 shows us how to trust in the Lord in difficult circumstances. John 3:16, Jesus faith love), The Whole Bible One Step Forward and Two Backward (1 Samuel 27:1-28:2) 25. He confessed his guilt in the matter, and sought forgiveness from the LORD. Their life is deemed valuable because they rest under the Lordship of a just and sovereign God. And he inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.". These men were in debt. He knew he was called and anointed to be the next king of Israel. Luke-Acts THE BOOK OF 1 SAMUEL Lesson 8: Chapters 22-24 David the Outlaw • Previous • 1 Samuel Study List • Next. We sometimes think that when we are going through trials, we have a license to be unloving and selfish, but David shows that we can and must care about others instead of becoming self-focused in times of trial. Copyright Restrictions "This is one of the worst acts in the life of Saul; his malice was implacable, and his wrath was cruel, and there is no motive of justice or policy by which such a barbarous act can be justified." Saul's dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative, because Saul resisted the word of God. They say they fear for their lives enough already, so why take the added risk of going to this battle with the Philistines? Look at what King Saul said when he heard what David had done: Read 1 Samuel 24:16-19 And when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him. David was pumped! . 2. Page #5 Workbook on 1 Samuel Assignments on 1 Samuel 1 Read 1 Samuel 1, then answer the following questions. He probably was simply fulfilling a ceremonial obligation connected to his employment to the king of Israel. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. Many times we think we have to get out of the cave until we can have the heart David had in Psalm 57. When Israel needed deliverance from Egypt, God didn't call a committee. Sunday, December 6, 2020 Lesson Text: John 1:15-28 King James Version (KJV) I. a. The Whole Bible The Second Time Around (1 Samuel 26:1-25) 24. David took his parents to Moab because his great-grandmother Ruth was a Moabite (Ruth 4:18-22, 1:4). c. So he became captain over them: This was not a mob. At this point, David could have argued the point, but instead he returns to the counsel of the Lord to be sure, And once more the Lord confirms His earlier order, David’s approach to this situation and to these men is a great example of godly and humble leadership, Of course, the first step for every man or woman who leads or ministers to others is to know you are in the will of God yourself, And that requires that we ask Him to direct our hearts, which He will do by His Spirit, You may be tempted to think those rocks would make that process easier, But in reality you have an even greater access to God’s will by His Spirit, The Spirit can inform us beyond merely yes and no answers, And He speaks to us continually, not merely in special moments when we seek Him, So David models the importance of seeking God’s guidance as we lead others, followed next by communicating the orders of the Lord to others, We share what God reveals so that His will is manifest to others, And more importantly, so that we are on the record with others, Accountability to the will of God goes up exponentially when you share with others what the Lord has told you, Keep his will a secret, and you are more likely to forget it yourself, But then as we share the will of God, we might encounter resistance, Perhaps our spouse or parents or friends will question the plan, At that point, we may be tempted to argue in God’s favor, This response might seem like a demonstration of faith, but it can just as easily be the result of pride. At the same time, the principle that God rarely calls that man to work alone is important. God is the One who saves. From a great victory to running around like a criminal, hiding in a cave. But you can't hide 400 men. I. David sets up his standard in the cave of Adullam, entertains his relations ( v. 1 ), enlists soldiers ( v. 2 ), but removes his aged parents to a more quiet settlement ( v. 3, v. 4 ), and has the prophet Gad for his counsellor ( v. 5 ). Each principle is important. i. Just as in David's day, there is a King in exile who is gathering around Him a company of people who are in distress, in debt, and discontented. Minor Prophets The poor simple-minded high priest knew nothing of the existing family feud between Saul and David. 2 Samuel 15:13-37 & Psalm 3 • Dealing with Betrayal 2 Samuel 24 • David’s Census. Pauline Epistles (1Sa 22:20-23) David protects Abiathar, the only survivor of Ahimelech's family. a. Most archaeologists believe that the Cave of Adullam was not too far from the place where David defeated Goliath, in the hills of Judah. For his part, Saul continues in his reckless paranoia. Minor Prophets The New Testament "These are the kind of men who came to David: distressed, bankrupt, dissatisfied. (Psalm 57:4, 6), iv. As recorded in 1 Samuel 25:1–9, Samuel the prophet died and all the Israelites gathered to mourn his loss. This is a trap for any leader who feels under attack! The name Adullam means refuge, but the cave wasn't to be David's refuge. conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy Apparently, when Doeg was detained before the LORD at the tabernacle (1 Samuel 21:7), it didn't change his heart at all. Before the Flood — After the Flood — i. Luke-Acts So he constructs elaborate conspiracies against him. But he could go to a humble cave and find refuge. This probably wasn't what David really wanted to hear, but he obeyed anyway. (Trapp), iv. ii. 10. he inquired of the Lord for him--Some suppose that this was a malicious fiction of Doeg to curry favor with the king, but Ahimelech seems to acknowledge the fact. So what does a Jewish king need when he wants to act contrary to a Jewish law? In his mind, David and Ahimelech are out to get him! Perhaps their counsel is truly God’s will correcting our assumptions or selfish desires? The Gospels GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22', There are options set in 'Advanced Options', The Whole Bible The New Testament (Redpath), ii. Major Prophets (Psalm 57:2), iii. Your tongue devises destruction, like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. He didn't say, "The Man Who Killed Goliath," or "The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines," or "The Man Anointed by God." As you study 1 Samuel 25, look for a principle that relates to the effects your righteous choices have on the people around you. What happened to the Jews who died before Jesus was born. My prison seminars help me understand these incredible closing verses in 1 Samuel 21. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point c. Doeg was more than an ambitious man looking for any opportunity to promote himself. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. 1 David left Gath and escaped to Adullam’s fortress. 1. Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds? This shows wonderful love and obedience on the part of David. (Psalm 57:9, 5, 11). He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath. Scripture David was now a fugitive on the run from King Saul. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. General Epistles In the greater way, it was David's mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul, and there really wasn't anything David or anyone could do about that. 2. David was restored, but there was still bad fruit to come of the lies, and now David sees and tastes that bad fruit. Let not the king impute anything to his servant, or to any in the house of my father. b. d. All of you have conspired against me … there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolves around Saul. 1 Samuel 24 Bible Story Center Materials Self-Control poster from Poster Pack, cup (2 oz.) These were not the men that David would have chosen for himself, but they were the ones called to him. ", i. He also knew how to divert Saul's anger and suspicion from his own staff to the priests. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to visit and see him. 5. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point So then the question is, who is right in this matter? -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Wisdom Literature (Psalm 52:5), iii. Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. The Old Testament Once David came to the throne, there were a lot of people who wanted to be around him. But David abode … GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation. He had the high of immediate fame, a recent marriage, dangers from the Philistines, repeated attempts on his life, and a heartbreaking farewell from everyday life to live as a fugitive for who knows how long. You love evil more than good, lying rather than speaking righteousness. i. And they all came to the king. "Do you see the truth of which this Old Testament story is so graphic a picture? They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at Adullam cave. Historical Books So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him: What a group! What a blessing to David! And the king said, "You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father's house!" ", a. I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: David showed how he felt about this in Psalm 52, which says in its title A Contemplation of David when Doeg the Edomite went and told Saul, and said to him, "David has gone to the house of Ahimelech.
2020 1 samuel 22 lesson