Podocarpus macrophyllus, commonly called yew plum pine or Buddhist pine, is native to mountainous areas of China and Japan. Male cones of P. macrophyllus grow in clusters. Podocarpus neglecta Blume Common Name: Brown Pine Tree growing in Marimurtra botanical garden, in Blanes (Catalonia). [1], The pollen cones are long and catkin-like in shape. The Plant List includes a further 100 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Podocarpus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. [3] Some shrubby species have a decumbent growth habit. The ripe cone arils are edible, though the seed should not be eaten. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Common names for various species include "yellowwood" as well as "pine", as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus) or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). The bark can be scaly or fibrous and peeling with vertical strips. Ecology Ripe fruits are eaten by bats, bushpigs, fruit-eating birds (Cape parrots, purple-crested, Knysna and Ross's louries, Rameron, African green and Delagorgue's pigeons). Scientific Name and Common Name Kingdom Plantae – Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division Coniferophyta – … The crown forms a somewhat pyramidal to oval outline. are generally dioecious, with the male pollen cones and female seed cones borne on separate individual plants, but some species may be monoecious. Kusamaki is the state tree of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Podocarpus (/ˌpoʊdəˈkɑːrpəs/[2]) is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, the Podocarpaceae. Although these plants can reach heights of as much as 30 to 40 feet, they are easily kept in check with regular trimming. It is an evergreen conifer that typically grows as a narrow-conical tree to 50’ tall or sometimes as a large shrub. Other common names include Japanese yew, yew pine, southern yew, yew podocarpus and podocarpus. In China, it is known as 羅漢松 or luóhàn sōng, which literally means "arhat pine". Heavy exposure to the pollen, such as with a male Podocarpus planted near a bedroom window, can produce symptoms that mimic the cytotoxic side effects of chemotherapy.[9]. Podocarpus chinensis. Register to … The species are tropical and subtropical, concentrated in eastern and southeastern Asia and Malesia, overlapping with subgenus Podocarpus in northeastern Australia and New Caledonia. These are primarily included because names … Podocarpus laetus is a species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, commonly known as Hall's tōtara, mountain tōtara or thin-barked tōtara. The podocarpus aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi, is a pest of Podocarpus species in Florida, namely the nonnative ornamental shrub Podocarpus macrophyllus (common names include bigleaf podocarpus, kusamaki, podo, Japanese yew, and southern yew) (Stamps no date). Although it is cold-hardy to as low as 15 F, it should be protect… are evergreen shrubs or trees, usually from 1 to 25 m (3 to 82 ft) tall, known to reach 40 m (130 ft) at times. They were used by the Māori for canoes and carving. Some species of genus Afrocarpus were formerly in Podocarpus, such as Afrocarpus gracilior. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Be the first to answer this question. Conifer, evergreen tree, to 100 ft (30 m) tall in its native New Zealand, probably 30 ft a landscape, dense, spreading branches, initially a bushy tree, more open with age, may attain a massive trunk. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 9 (20 to 30 F / -1.1 to -6.7 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Narrow Pyramid or Columnar GROWTH SIZE: Intermediate: 6 to 12 inches (15 – 30 cm) per year / 5 to 10 feet (1.5 – 3 m) after 10 years First found in Florida in Miami in 1968, this invasive aphid can now be found anywhere in Florida where the genus Podocar… [1][3][4][5], Common names for various species include "yellowwood" and "pine",[3] as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus)[6] or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). The seed is entirely covered by a fleshy modified scale known as an epimatium. African Fern Pine is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Taxus makoya Forbes : Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Common Name: Kusamaki, Yew plum pine, Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther: Family: Podocarpaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: Superficially similar to Taxus species, but this plant is definitely not poisonous[200]. A taxonomic revision of the genus, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 01:54. They are slightly toxic, so should be eaten only in small amounts, especially when raw. From Flora Japonica by Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. Leaves spirally arranged, often twisted at the base and appearing opposite in 2 ranks, flattened, 1-15 cm long. Terminal buds are distinctive with bud scales that are often imbricate and can be spreading. Habitats: Mountains, C. and S. Japan[58]. Brown pine; Malaya: jati bukit (Pahang); Sumatra: ambai ayam (Indragiri); hatang (Tapanuli); kayu tadji (Palembang); minangkas (Bencoolen); naru dotan (Simalur I. The infertile basal scales fuse and swell to form a succulent, usually brightly colored receptacle. Dacrydium has about 16 species of Australasian trees and shrubs, including the rimu, or New Zealand red pine. Previously known as Podocarpus hallii and Podocarpus cunninghamii, in 2015 it was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority. About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. About 97 to 107 species are placed in the genus depending on the circumscription of the species. Asian species constitute the majority of Podocarpus grown today. When mature, the scales swell up and become reddish purple, fleshy, and berry-like, 10–20 mm long; they are then eaten by birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. Podocarpus forrestii Craib & W.W. Sm. Common name Mountain totara, Hall’s totara, thin-barked totara, totara-kiri-kotukutuku Synonyms Podocarpus hallii Kirk; Podocarpus cunninghamii Colenso Family Podocarpaceae Authority Podocarpus laetus Hooibr. The Afrocarpus cone lacks the fleshy, often brightly colored, structure (called a receptacle) of Podocarpus cones. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . Trees may be referred to as male or female. Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. Also known as a Japanese yew or Buddhist pine, Podocarpus is a fast-growing evergreen that provides beautiful color and shade year-round. [9], Podocarpus is related to yews, and as with yews, the stems, leaves, flowers, and pollen of Podocarpus are all poisonous. A sequence of classification schemes has moved species between Nageia and Podocarpus, and in 1969, de Laubenfels divided the huge genus Podocarpus into Dacrycarpus, Decussocarpus (an invalid name he later revised to the valid Nageia), Prumnopitys, and Podocarpus. A seed cone of P. totara showing a red receptacle and a green epimatium, The natural distribution of the genus consists of much of Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, and several South Pacific islands. Mar 18, 2018 - Explore Anthony Miller's board "Podocarpus hedge" on Pinterest. It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, reaching 20 m tall. ex Endl. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. What is the common name for Podocarpus? rej. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. In the wild, it can grow up to 40 ft. Prized for low maintenance requirements, resistance to pests and a wide tolerance of growing conditions, the fern pine (Podocarpus gracilior) is a versatile species that can be allowed to grow as a tree or trimmed to be a hedge, an espalier, or a shrub. It dominates on some sandy coastal areas such as Otatara. Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. The seed is attached to the apex of the receptacle. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: espalier; hedge; suitable for growing indoors; large parking lot islands (> 200 square feet in size); Yew pine (Eng.) [1][8] The leaves are usually linear-lanceolate or linear-elliptic in shape, though they can be broader lanceolate, ovate, or nearly elliptic in some species. The largest genus, Podocarpus, contains about 100 species and is commonly called yellowwood. The phyllotaxis or leaf arrangement is spiral, and may be subopposite on some shoots. Podocarpus alpinus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. However, in this tree, the swollen receptacle is . Common garden species used for their attractive deep-green foliage and neat habits include P. macrophyllus, known commonly as Buddhist pine, fern pine, or kusamaki, P. salignus from Chile, and P. nivalis, a smaller, red-fleshy-coned shrub. Slabs from this specie can be wide, but often not very long. Syn: Podocarpus Labillardière 1806 (Stevenson 1991). The ridge forest of the Blue Mountain and John Crow Mountains National Park where it occurs, is considered to represent a single location (especially in [1] The trees can reach a height of 40 meters at their tallest. Podocarpus. They may be sessile or short pedunculate. Sweet: Yew plum pine (Engl.) Common names: Outeniqua Yellowwood, Outeniekwageelhout, Sickle-leaved Yellowwood, small leafed Yellowwood, Common Yellowwood, Bastard yellowwood, Falcate Yellowwood, Smooth-barked Yellowwood. Each fertile scale usually has one apical ovule. Common name: plum pine, brown pine Podocarpus elatus R.Br. Podocarpus Podocarpus gracilior Other common name is Fern Pine, African Fern Pine Synonym Afrocarpus gracilior, Afrocarpus elongatus Low-maintenance tree Excellent along sidewalks, in boulevards, patios, used as a privacy Endlicher, S.L. 2) Scientific name: Podocarpus macrophyllus Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus mack-roe-FILL-us Common name(s): Podocarpus, Yew-Pine, Japanese Yew Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. 16. The fern pine originated in Africa and favors a warmer climate, doing best in USDA zones 9 through 11. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Yellow-wood. Despite what is described in many books, this species does not produce flowers or fruits; it is a conifer, but recurring confusion arises because instead of producing woody cones like most conifers, the fern pines produce flesh… Podocarpus urbanii has an estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) of 50 km2. It is a popular large shrub or small tree in gardens, particularly in Japan and the Southeastern United States. Data related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikispecies. Botanical Name Podocarpus gracilior or Afrocarpus gracilior Common Name African Fern Pine Plant Type Tree Mature Size 60 feet Sun Exposure Direct sun to light shade Soil Type Well-draining Soil pH Acidic Bloom Time Spring Podocarpusis one of the largest of all conifer genera, here treated in 104 species (scroll down to "Distribution and Ecology" for a species menu). Podocarpus alpinus - a dwarf form with smaller and less coarse foliage than P. macrophyllus. Over one hundred species constitute the genus Podocarpus, a name translated as fruit-foot to describe the fleshy fruit stalk described by an early plant explorer. The cones are pedunculate and often solitary. APNI* Description: Medium to large tree with brown to dark brown bark that is often fissured and scaly on old trees. In cultivation in warm winter areas of the U. S., it usually grows much shorter (to 20-40’). The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). They have a mucilaginous texture with a slightly sweet flavor. [10], Some species of Podocarpus are used in systems of traditional medicine for conditions such as fevers, coughs, arthritis, sexually transmitted diseases, and canine distemper. In recent years, the illegal digging of Buddhist pine has become a problem in the city. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In Foliolatus, the cone is subtended by two lanceolate bracts ("foliola"), and the seed usually lacks an apical ridge. ); sito bu hotang (KaroBatak); Java: antoh (Japara); ki bima, ki merak, ki pantjar, ki putri; Borneo: belah buloh (Lawas, Sarawak); djadjaruman (Sampit); ki beling (Sabah); Celebes: kurniah (Nokilalaki); Lesser Sunda Islands: hadjo ketong, hadju pinis rona (Flores); Moluccas: bitaö (Halmaheira); West New Guinea: aiwimunuwame… It is NOT a pine but a distinct genus, the second largest after pine with 97 species (Farjon, 2010). [1], The seed cones are highly modified with the few cone scales swelling and fusing at maturity. Common names of the plant include Big-leaf podocarp, Buddhist pine, Japanese yew, Shrubby yew, Shrubby podocarpus, Yew plum pine, Broad-leaved podocarp, Southern yew, Long-leaved podocarp, big leaf podocarp, yew plum The two subgenera, Podocarpus and Foliolatus, are distinguished by cone and seed morphology. The seven main Conversely, completely female Podocarpus plants have an OPALS rating of 1, and are considered "allergy-fighting", as they capture pollen while producing none. They are generally trees, but may also be shrubs. Common Name: Podocarp. The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). (1985). Name derivation: Podocarpus – podo (foot) karpus (fruit) referring to the fleshy receptacle on which the seed rest. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. Common names in English include yew plum pine, Buddhist pine and fern pine. Statistics. Some members of the genera Nageia, Prumnopitys, and Afrocarpus are marketed under the genus name Podocarpus. Subordinate Taxa. Podocarpus has abundant, bright green, flat and sword-shaped leaves. [5], Media related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikimedia Commons ex Endl. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . [7], Podocarpus spp. (A large family of mainly southern hemisphere conifers, which includes ou… Podocarpus and Afrocarpus are the only genera in southern Africa. This upright, dense evergreen has pointed, leathery, dark green leaves arranged on stiff, symmetrical branches and works very well as a screen, hedge, strong accent plant, or framing tree.
2020 podocarpus common name