Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data. These generalized categories may not take into account the complexity of migratory patterns across the Old World. 443,679 people. Thus under the Immigration Act of 1924 all Hispanics and Caribbeans could immigrate to the United States, but a White family from Poland or Russia could not immigrate. [42][43] Puerto Rican converts to Islam continue to occur. 29. The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358. This survey was completed between October 2013 and February 2014. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. This page provides - Puerto Rico Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Puerto Ricans, excluding those of obvious African ancestry, were like most Hispanics formally classified as White under U.S. Law, but this classification did not prevent informal discrimination against them by Anglo-Americans. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. Puerto Rico is home to a population of 3.2M people, from which N/A% are citizens. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. The United States won control of Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898; the first U.S. census taken there, in 1910, counted more than 1.1 million residents. Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result, there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. [32] This religion was brought by Spanish colonists. Puerto Rico 2020 population is estimated at 2,860,853 people at mid year according to UN data. The people of Puerto Rico are mostly from a combination of backgrounds including European colonization, slavery, Amerindian settlement, and economic migration. Later that year, two hurricanes pounded the island killing several thousand. "Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans", "The Use of Mitochondrial DNA to Discover Pre-Columbian Migrations to the Caribbean: Results for Puerto Rico and Expectations for the Dominican Republic", "Catholic Church and Puerto Rico officials at odds in widening sex abuse investigation", "Religion in Puerto Rico – By Puerto Rico Channel", Institute of Islamic Information and Education: Number of Muslims and Percentage in Puerto Rico, Percent Puerto Rican population that are Muslims, "Saudi Aramco World : Muslims in the Caribbean", "The Jewish Palate: The Jews of Puerto Rico", "Taíno: Indigenous Caribbeans - Black History Month 2017", "American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010 (CPH-T-6)", "Population Estimates, Population Change, and Components of Change", "Central America and Caribbean :: PUERTO RICO", How Puerto Rico Became White: Racial analysis, 1930s Sterilization of One Third of Puerto Rican Women by the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991797344, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Indian and Alaska Native alone 11,775, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 129, Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,547,288, White alone, Not Hispanic or Latino 24,900, 7.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est. If this proves to be true, the annual growth rate will likely be close to -0.62% by 2050 and the population of Puerto Rico will be roughly 3,650,608 in 2020, 3,592,748 in 2030, 3,474,434 in 2040, and 3,281,904 in 2050. 12.4%. Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. [16], In the late 1700s, Puerto Rico had laws like the Regla del Sacar or Gracias al Sacar where a person of mixed ancestry could be considered legally white so long as they could prove that at least one person per generation in the last four generations had also been legally white. This continued even as Puerto Rico's economy improved and its birth rate declined. Sometime between 400 B.C. Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data.. No major immigration wave occurred during the 20th century.[20]. [45] And at times not just individuals, but whole families convert. 2,712,166 people. Bonilla et al., Ancestral proportions and their association with skin pigmentation and bone mineral density in Puerto Rican women from New York City. 3,193,694 Population. The population of Puerto Rico in 2017 was 3,163,667, a 3.64% decline from 2016. If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños ; or boricuas) are the people of Puerto Rico , the inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. The Taíno population dwindled due to disease, tribal warfare, and forced labor, so the Spanish began importing large numbers of slaves from Africa. [38][39], In 2007, there were over 5,000 Muslims in Puerto Rico, representing about 0.13% of the population. Rank. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing. [50][citation needed] This trend accelerated among the Puerto Rican community in the mainland United States in the 1960s. Emigration has been a major part of Puerto Rico's recent history as well. In particular, the Yoruba beliefs of Santería and/or Ifá, and the Kongo-derived Palo Mayombe (sometimes called an African belief system, but rather a way of Bantu lifestyle of Congo origin) find adherence among the few individuals who practice some form of African traditional religion. [44] "Ties between Latinos and Islam are more than just spiritual, but date back to Spanish history. Months after the destruction, roughly 40% were still living in these conditions due to lack of funding and aid. The real estate and tourism industries are also very strong. Current projections go out to the year 2050 and believe that the net migration will regularly be at least -10,000 annually and the birth rate will remain below the worldwide average, staying close to 1.51. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3,193,694. Officially Puerto Rico is a religiously free commonwealth, but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic with 85% of its people claiming the faith. [46] Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. Almost 3.2 million people live in Puerto Rico as of July 2018, showing a population decline of 14.3 percent since 2010. Christianity also makes up an additional 8% of the population with the Protestant church. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. It is the third oldest European-founded capital city in the American continents right after Panama City and Santo Domingo. In 2018, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.2M people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $20,296. Census data: ACS 2019 1-year unless noted. Recent estimates say that there are about 5.8 million Puerto Ricans living in the States, compared with 3.2 million on the Island. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. B.R. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". Structure of the population (01.07.2012) (Estimates) (Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census) : Source: UN World Population Prospects[14]. [33] One Pope, John Paul II, visited Puerto Rico in October 1984. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 1989. )[34], The CIA World Factbook however, reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico identifies as Roman Catholic, while 15% identify as Protestant and Other. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. [47], Puerto Rico is also home to the largest Jewish community in the Caribbean with 3,000 Jewish inhabitants. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size. The federal Naturalization Act, signed into law on March 26, 1790, by President Washington stated that immigrants to the United States had to be White according to the definition under the British Common Law, which the United States inherited. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. [27] A recent study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 800 individuals found that patrilineal input, as indicated by the Y-chromosome,[clarification needed] showed 66% of Puerto Ricans could trace their ancestry to male European ancestors, 18% could trace it to male African ancestors, and 16% could trace it to male Native American ancestors. Roman Catholics in Puerto Rico have many everyday objects scattered through their lives that have religious affiliation such as rosaries and carvings of the Virgin Mary. 2006–2008 Three Year Estimate. The only category that remained constant over time was white, even as other racial labels shifted greatly—from "colored" to "Black", "mulatto" and "other". It had a population of 347,052 as of 2016, which would rank it as the 46th largest city in the USA. Puerto Rico is home to people of many different national origins as well. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island. Regardless of the precise terminology, the census reported that the bulk of the Puerto Rican population was white from 1899 to 2000. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Although autosomal markers tests seem to draw a more broad picture than that of single, gender-based mtDNA and Y-Chromosome tests, the problem with autosomal DNA is in the archaic categories used: "European", "Sub-Saharan African", "East Asian" & "Native American". [28][failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. There are many religious beliefs represented in the island with Christianity as the religion indicated by the majority in 2010. 56–191, 31 Stat. The mass immigration that occurred during the 19th century helped the population grow from 155,000 in 1800 to almost 1,000,000 at the close of the century. The information in this article was updated on June 25th, 2020. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … Population of American Indian in households in Puerto Rico ; Total Population: 19,427; Male Population: 9,429; Under 5 years: 567; 5 to 9 years: 707; 10 to 14 years: Find data for this place. A landslide killed 129 people in 1985, and Hurricane George ravaged the area in 1998. Losses started around the beginning of the island’s economic recession in 2006 and have continued since then. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. 31. The U.S. Supreme Court in the case United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898) declared that all nonwhites who were born in the United States were eligible for citizenship via the Citizenship Clause of the 14th Amendment. The Puerto Rico population has steadily declined over the last decade from 3.8 million people. Puerto Rico’s recent population downturn reverses a general pattern of growth on the island since at least the 1700s, as documented by Spanish and U.S. Census Bureau data. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Population. U.S. Immigration Policy was first restricted toward Chinese with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907 in which Japan voluntarily barred emigration to the United States and the Immigration Act of 1917 or the Asiatic Barred Zone which barred immigrants from all of the Middle East, the Steppes and the Orient, excluding the Philippines which was then a US Colony. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. The Christian Denominational Breakdown was as follows in 2006:[31]. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. Puerto Rico Community Survey;Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. These immigrants were allowed to settle on the island, with a certain amount of free land and enslaved persons granted to them. Urban Population Puerto Rico Urban vs. Many slaves also escaped to neighboring islands. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by initial Amerindian settlement, European colonization, slavery, economic migration, and Puerto Rico's status as unincorporated territory of the United States. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico ’s population at 3,706,690. List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in 2020 , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in … Currently, 100% of the population of Puerto Rico is urban (2,933,408 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. For example, Puerto Ricans now make up 21% of the Hispanic population of Florida, preparing to outnumber the Cuban population, which has historically been the largest group within Florida’s Hispanic population. Of these, 2,270 were classified as "white" in the 1920 census (1,205 from Spain, 280 from Venezuela, 180 from Cuba, and 135 from the Dominican Republic). [51] In the 2010 U.S. census, 9,399 people are identified as "Taíno."[52]. With 1,190,891 Puerto Rico residents, Florida has seen some real changes in its population. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. In 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris and the US brought a civil government to the area and maintained strict control over the island. white. However, lack of Muslim education in the Island forces some Puerto Rican Muslims to migrate to the States. [48] Some Puerto Ricans have converted, not only as individuals but as entire families. Religious breakdown in Puerto Rico (2010):[30]. The first Protestant church, Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad, was established in Ponce by the Anglican Diocese of Antigua in 1872. In 1960 the census dropped the racial identification question for Puerto Rico but included it again in the year 2000. The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees fleeing German–occupied Europe in the 1930s. The Roman Catholic Church has been historically the most dominant religion of the majority of Puerto Ricans, with Puerto Rico having the first dioceses in the Americas. Puerto Rican Population in the States. Until 1950 the U.S. Bureau of the Census attempted to quantify the racial composition of the island's population, while experimenting with various racial taxonomies. The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). Spanish men arrived on the island disproportionately to Spanish women; African and Taíno women would sometimes marry them, resulting in a mixed tri-racial ethnicity. The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. Hum Gen (2004) 115: 57–58 Available at: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, National Register of Historic Places listings in Puerto Rico, "Puerto Rico Population History, 1765–2000", https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/, "Puerto Rico Virtual Jewish History Tour", "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics", "Vital Statistics Rapid Release - State and National Provisional Counts", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substanial [sic] Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico Human Biology – Find Articles".
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