The adult is solitary and will fiercely defend its home range against other lionfish and individuals of other species. Lionfish Reproduction. Black Lionfish The Fuzzy dwarf lionfish is so called because its scale structure makes it appear indistinct to its prey. It is one of the most venomous of all fishes.  The red lionfish was likely first introduced off the Florida coast in the early to mid-1980s, almost certainly from the aquarium trade. One of the best-known species is the red lionfish (Pterois volitans), an impressive fish sometimes kept by fish fanciers. On average, lionfish have 1 to 2 pounds in weight and can reach 13 inches in length. The first documented release of red lionfish into the Atlantic occurred in 1992 when Hurricane Andrew destroyed a large private aquarium in a house in South Florida and six lionfish escaped into Biscayne Bay.  Both P. volitans and P. miles are gonochoristic, only showing sexual dimorphism during reproduction. Lionfish The size of these fish varies, but most members reach an average length of seven inches in captivity. The Volitan Lionfish is also known as the, Common Lionfish, Red Lionfish, Turkeyfish and Butterfly Cod. The lionfish will turns its head away from a potential predator and splay out all its 18 venomous spines. Pteroinae includes five genera and about sixteen species. Numerous f… The lionfish are mostly nocturnal, leading to the behaviors typically around nightfall and continuing through the night. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science "Have You Seen Me?  The larval stage is the shortest stage of the lionfish's life, with a duration of about one month.. However, in the Atlantic and Caribbean it is lionfish reproduction that is one of the main reasons why lionfish are taking over. Cannibalism has been observed in this species. Origins. Scientific Name(s): Pterois volitans and Pterois miles (other species in Pterois genus), Dwarf varieties Dendrochirus spp. Red lionfish was first reported from Florida, North Carolina and Bermuda in 1990. Red Lionfish. Chances are, you’ve seen them in one aquarium or another—their ornate fins and 18 spines set them apart from the other reef fish. Dwarf varieties usually get to be about 6 inches (15 cm) pH : 8.1 - 8.4. Red Lionfish. Volitans Lionfish (Terois volitans) Growing to a maximum size of 12-15 inches, these fish need a minimum tank size of 85 gallons, with a tank at least 18” wide to make sure they have enough space to turn when fully grown. It moves very slowly and often sits perfectly still, waiting for small fishes to approach too closely, at which point it lunges aggressively toward its prey. In their Pacific home waters over thousands of years their numbers have been kept under control as part of the natural balance of nature on the reef. To examine potential impacts on native reef fish communities, lionfish density and size distributions were estimated from fall 2010 to fall 2013 with a remotely operated vehicle at natural (n = 16) and artificial (n = 22) reef sites. Lionfish A carnivorous fish native to the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea that is now an invasive species in the Atlantic. Lionfish are members of the scorpionfish family. Maximum body size records for the red lionfish, Pterois volitans, in the western Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, including the new record in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). The devil lionfish usually has 10 dorsal fin rays and 6 anal fin rays, whereas the red lionfish usually has 11 dorsal fin rays and 7 anal fin rays. The larvae, and later the juveniles, drift in the current for weeks before settling to the bottom.