Here are some solid tank mates choices for the molly fish: Molly fish will also get along with most freshwater aquarium shrimp and snails quite well too. Community Fish Diet: Flake, Frozen, Freeze-dried Maximum size: 3" Water temperature: 72-82° F Swimming level: Middle Experience level: Beginner Tank Setup: 10+ gallons, moderately planted The sailfin molly is found in freshwater habitats from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. The latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia sphenops. The last one, Mexican Sailfin Molly (P.velifera) is my rarer species which you will hardly find. The Dalmatian Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Many aquarists notice the disease with extreme temperature changes or ammonia spikes. Peaceful by nature, the molly is great for freshwater community tanks. It’s rare that you will come across a fish store that doesn’t sell mollies – they are one of the most popular freshwater fish. However, the top and bottom have lengthy rays to create a forked appearance. After you introduce the fish to … These freshwater fish have a wide natural distribution. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. What do Mollies look like? Then, she releases fully formed and free-swimming fry into the water! The good news is that most fish heal up quickly once conditions are fixed. At the bottom of your tank, add sand or gravel substrate. OSUM 36837 Xiphophorus variatus The Golden Sailfin Molly is a peaceful and flexible fish species that originates from coastal areas of North America. If kept in a healthy environment, a group of mollies will thrive and can live up to 5 years. Common varieties can be found for $2-$4 per fish, though rarer species cost more. Several rows of spots occur along the sides, back, and dorsal fin. There’s no doubt that you’ve seen a molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) at some point. The gestation period for this species is about three to four weeks, depending upon temperature, and a single female may give birth on multiple occasions throughout the year. That said, there are differences in life expectancy between the various molly fish breeds, however, on average, molly fish live 3-5 years. Oh yeah, we also list the most common types of mollies for you to consider as well. This will help you keep them happy, healthy, and save you time in the long run. The height of the dorsal fin, measured at the posterior edge, is a bit less than the height of the tail. (Trematoda: Haploporidae), International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T191748A58335451.en, "Arizona State Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan", "Status of the Desert Pupfish, Cypronidon macularius (Baird and Girard), in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sailfin_molly&oldid=986183358, Freshwater fish of the Southeastern United States, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:57. Caring of sailfish is easy in a way that you provide them with food which contains a large proportion of algae, also provides them with flakes of brine shrimp. You have a lot of options if you’re looking to create a multi-species community tank. Beyond algae, these fish enjoy blanched vegetables like lettuce, spinach, and zucchini. The Sailfin Molly has a long, tall dorsal fin that runs almost the entire length of the fish’s back. While most are found in rivers, they can also swim into brackish waters or even the open ocean for short periods! This species is listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).[1]. They will often reach lengths that are closer to five or six inches. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Wetland Assessment for the F- and H-Area Groundwater Remediation Project at the Savannah River Site (March 2004), Life History of Saccocoelioides pearsoni n. sp. The addition of weekly algae wafers to their diet will help condition the fish. Then, they’ll go off and do their own thing. An even larger group is better if possible! Constipation is a problem that affects balloon mollies. Impact of Introduction: The Sailfin Molly is responsible for the decline of the desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularius. You should keep a group of at least four fish at the very least. When you arrange the plants, position them along the perimeter of the aquarium so that there’s still open swimming space. The sailfin molly has been introduced to many parts of the United States and other countries around the world for both mosquito control and aquariums. Mollies were first introduced to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s. While your goal should be to always provide the best care possible, it’s recommended to understand details about the specific species you own. Wild sailfin mollies are also bred as feeder fish for larger carnivorous fish, though usually guppies are used for that. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. As long as you follow the following established care guidelines, your mollies should thrive! Midnight mollies actually originated from hybrids between that and the present species. In addition to their nutritional benefits, live foods provide some much-needed stimulation during feeding time. Life Span: 3–5 years. Marbled Sailfin Molly; General. Wild mollies prefer to live in tropical water and can be found in streams and marshes from Texas to North Carolina to Central America. The gold doubloon molly is another frequently purchased species. Although Sailfin mollies are classed as herbivores, they will accept a treat of blood worms. Create a separate breeding tank with slightly warmer temperatures up to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. These fish have a flattened body with a triangular-shaped head. Their name is derived from a previous scientific name – ‘Mollienisia’. Contrary to the belief of some, you don’t need salt in the water to keep these fish healthy. The males will court the females before she allows them to fertilize the eggs. Exact water parameters may vary based on the species you get, but here are some good baselines that will work for most mollies. This conflict created confusion and eventually necessitated a ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). According to the Flordia Museum of Natural History, male sailfin mollies do not live more than a year after reaching sexual maturity. The sailfin molly has the standard body shape. The Dalmatian Lyretail Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. As you can guess, these mollies are covered in black! However, Lesueur described other collections of the sailfin molly as Mollienesia multilineata in 1821, the same year in which he described M. latipinna. They typically reach sexual maturity within a year. The majority of goldfish are not properly cared for and as a result, live only a few years. That tank size recommendation is suitable enough for up to four mollies, although a larger tank is always appreciated if you have some extra space. While they aren’t the longest-living freshwater species out there, there is some wiggle room depending on what species you get. I'm finding anything from 1-5 yrs to 8yrs. They are generally found in brackish environments including coastal marshes, streams, swamps and ponds. Sailfin varieties can get even bigger. Make sure the females outnumber the males to keep this behavior to a minimum. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. With the exception of the Endler’s livebearer and the guppy, every fish in this genus is a molly! Sailfin mollies come in different color varieties but the most common is a silver and black spotted version. This will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan. Various Poecilia fishes have some differences in their morphological characters, they’ve got used to different life conditions. In the wild, you can find mollies throughout North and South America. Some confusion occurs with the Yucatan molly, P. velifera. They like warm waters, neutral pH, and hard water. As hybridization, like in most Poecilia, is easy between these two species and due to the more spectacular appearance of P. latipinna, such sailfin-black molly hybrids, with males' conspicuous, large, yellow-rimmed dorsal fins, are often seen. Instead, they “shimmy” and wiggle in one place. Mollies spend most of their time in the middle and upper parts of the water column. It’s a good idea to try and implement it into your fish’s diet every once in a while. Using the substrate as an anchor, add several live plants (mollies use these plants for shelter). There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. Sailfin mollies are most commonly observed at the shallow surface waters along the edges of marshes, lowland streams, ponds, swamps, estuaries and even ephemeral water bodies such as roadside ditches. A water filter and heater can help with controlling their environmental conditions so they can live a healthy life. The occasional high-protein snack is appreciated, too. That article talks about guppies and swordtails, but the process is very similar for the babies. They can experience Ich, bacterial infections, flukes, and parasites. Fertilization is internal, and is accomplished by means of highly modified fin elements within the anal fin of males that form a structure known as the gonopodium. Sailfin mollies produce broods of 10-140 live young, depending on maturity and size, and females may store sperm long after the demise of their relatively short-lived mates. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong. Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. Otherwise, hybrids can be bred among themselves, or with a higher rate of success with their parent species. The lyretail molly has a beautiful tailfin. The sailfin molly is also commonly sold in aquarium stores under the name "molly". If a male spreads his dorsal fins in a display, in this species it forms a trapezoid, with the posterior edge being shortest. Life expectancy can be maximized with proper care. Those items will provide some additional shelter. Author Note: The only exception for tank size revolves around the sailfin molly. Standard lighting is fine. The French terms are used for both species indiscriminately. Sailfin mollies are members of the lower end of the food chain. Feeding Silfin Mollies Sailfin Molly fish prefer vegetation to any other type of food but like the occasional mosquito larva. Not big In 1959, the ICZN placed precedence on the name Mollienesia latipinna Lesueur 1821. Look for nutritionally balanced products from well-respected brands! Below are just a few of the more popular ones. There is no real set life expectancy for them. The male molly is more aggressive than the females. The females from this species are larger and heavier than the males. Sailfin Mollies have been used extensively in the development of today’s domesticated variants, which exist in a wide range of colors. These fish are known for their low-maintenance care requirements and wide selection of possible species to choose from. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. Other fish that live longer include loaches, such as the clown loach and weather loach , which often live 10 to 15 years. Jul 1, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry's board "And Mollies" on Pinterest. Like any other fish, mollies can suffer from disease. Some names for the sailfin molly in other languages include Breitflossenkärpfling (German), seilfinnemolly (Norwegian), zeilvinkarper (Dutch), leveäevämolli (Finnish), molinezja szerokopłetwa (Polish), bubuntis (Tagalog), and molliénésie á voilure or simply "molly voile" (French). Read the breeding guppies article for more information. They typically inhabit slow-moving tropical rivers teeming with vegetation. 7. While there are several varieties out there, most have a similar shape and body style to the common molly. Molly Picture Gallery Above, a young mature male Silver Sailfin Molly. The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. Sailfin Mollies are peaceful fish that are incredibly easy to care for. Breeding : These are livebearers so it is fairly easy. Fish and Wildlife Service 1983). The natural lifespan of sailfin mollies is short, particularly in the case of the males, which may live less than a year after achieving sexual maturity. Since their introduction to the world of fishkeeping, mollies have been cross-bred a lot! Depending upon environmental conditions, sailfin mollies may become reproductive in less than a year. The dorsal fins are the most distinctive character: Those of the sailfin molly have less than 15 fin rays, counting where the fin meets the back, whereas the Yucatan molly has 18-19 (intermediate numbers may indicate hybrids). They often have a somewhat decreased lifespan, but not as much (in healthy fish) as the deformed "balloon" molly breeds of P. sphenops. Additional internal or external sponge filters are great, too. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong.
2020 sailfin molly lifespan