Construction projects are inherently complex, and navigating the different phases of a construction project can be a daunting process for individuals that aren’t familiar with it. In discussing these stages, we will also touch on the responsibilities that construction project managers have. Field engineer 5. Each of the entities that the construction manager is working with may be moving forward on the project in a linear fashion, but the project manager is coordinating all of their activities. 2. Construction projects must also follow the standards of the applicable to the building code. The project management coordinator must juggle a variety of issues. Although the construction management process necessarily follows the progress of a construction project as a whole, it is non-linear in the sense that project managers work with a variety of different entities involved in a project simultaneously. Adapted from HBR Guide to Project Management; content originally published in Pocket Mentor: Managing Projects, Harvard Business Review Press, 2006. Construction Management involves the overall planning, coordination, and control of a project from beginning to completion. However, its impact has been quite remarkable. Execution is all about building deliverables that satisfy the customer. Their role is at once integrally tied to the stages of the construction process, yet much broader and expansive at the same time. Even before the design documents and drawings have started, designers, contractors, and trade partners must work collaboratively to achieve the project owner’s goals. The process can be broken down into four stages. While there are some broad similarities between the construction project management process and the general flow that a construction project follows in general, there are some differences as well. Construction management is the process of planning, coordinating and providing monitoring and controlling of a construction project. Project Initiation Phase – a project is formally started, named, and defined at a broad level during this phase. 1. In order to close out a project. Depending upon the owner's expertise and experience in administering construction contracts, the owner may engage a professional engineer, an architect or a project manager during this pre-project phase to advise on these important decisions. The pre-project administration stage is largely centered around information gathering and plan development. and the general flow that a construction project follows in general, there are some differences as well. Developed by the Project Management Institute (PMI), the five phases of project management include conception and initiation, planning, execution, performance/monitoring, and project close. Once all of these steps are completed, the construction manager will begin collecting all of the documentation from the project. Breaking up a project into these five logical steps outlined by the PMI can help ensure your project is organized and successful every time. Calculating these KPI’s keeps projects on track to prevent any project failures. At the beginning is an idea, which is tested for its viability. The stakeholders responsible will usually use two methods to decide whether or not the project gets the go-ahead: Software to help keep the whole team organized and on track! Project Conception and Initiation The first construction project phase is building conception and initiation. Once a project is finished, onto other projects. Construction projects are complex which makes project management in construction equally complex. Contact Gilliland Construction Management today to find out how we can help bring your project to life. Tip: Communicate and stay flexible. In contrast to the progression of a construction project, the stages of construction project management often overlap. However, sometimes a good old daily report will suffice. As a project manager you need to be very clear in your own mind what the project development stages are that you will have to go through. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. These cookies do not store any personal information. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Superintendent 4. . If you are familiar with construction management, the stages of a construction project and the role of a construction project manager in bringing about the successful completion of that project may be well known. This … Because of this, construction project managers must have a high degree of expertise and knowledge of the entirety of the construction process, including design, engineering, and physical construction. It’s the responsibility of the project manager to make... Preconstruction. Project performance and control goes hand in hand with the previous step because they occur simultaneously. Before the project is approved or rejected, these two documents are created to sell the work to stakeholders or sponsors: 1. Business Case: Here is where you justify the need of the project, which includes analyzing return on investment. Project Scope Management (PSM) is vital in defining the success or failure of a project, so as to deliver products/services of high quality. The broad responsibilities of a construction project manager highlight the importance of choosing a project manager that understands their role and has demonstrated experience and expertise in successfully guiding projects to completion. The planning phase involves further development of the project in detail to... 3. It is an extremely demanding job but it also can be very rewarding to see a project through from… These 5 stages create what is known as a project life cycle. Project Initiation Phase III. 3. Once physical construction of a project has been completed, the job of a construction manager isn’t finished. Copyright © 2019 eSUB Inc. All Rights Reserved. Assuming that all necessary permitting for the project has been secured, the construction manager will secure a general contractor and any specialized labor required to complete the project. Project management phases Initiation This first stage of a project defines the business case, the justification for the project, which will be used to ensure the project stays on track. Stages of Construction Management vs. the Construction Process. In discussing these stages, we will also touch on the responsibilities that construction project managers have. The first of the project management stages is all about giving the project a relatively broad definition and establishing whether or not it is feasible. This will include a design team that will begin working on a preliminary design. Tip: Consider using a cloud-based construction software so that you can track and share every aspect of the project’s life cycle. Once the team executes all the deliverables and delivers it to the satisfaction of the customer, they can close the project. During initiation, you'll get the project team members assigned, brief them on the overall project goals, and ask the client or project owner as many questions as possible so you can plan the project efficiently. This article explains why construction project managers must devote more of their attention to planning their projects. Make sure to communicate this information to any stakeholders so that they stay informed. PMI, which began in 1969, is the world’s largest nonprofit membership association for the project management profession. It is during … The first is that construction projects are completed through a collection of knowledge, labor, and resources that are brought together for that specific project. Construction managers play a vital role in this process by navigating the bureaucratic requirements for entitlement approval, but it should be understood from the outset that there is no guarantee for approval of entitlements and the process itself can take months or even years. If any such issues are identified during this walkthrough, the construction project manager will work with the general contractor or subcontractors to ensure that the issue is resolved. However, previous bids included estimates of 150 hours. Once a project is finished, this project team then moves onto other projects. For agile or iterative development-type projects, planning and execution take place in short spurts or sprints, with the stages repeating until the project is completed to the customer's satisfaction. A solid project initiation will not only set your project up for success, but it will also lay the groundwork for all future stages. Phases of Project Management. This stage of a construction project includes four major sub-steps as defined below: Programming & feasibility: To start with the actual designing of the project, the desires, objectives and goals are ought to be decided for the project/building. Contact. This planning is often overlooked or thought of as a formality. One of the most important things produced during the pre-project administration stage is a strategic plan. Construction project management is a relatively young field. The wants, goals, and objectives should be determined for the building. and control of a project from beginning to completion. During the design stage, a construction management company begins the work of transforming a concept into a reality. If all issues have been resolved, the construction manager will work with the general contractor to train the owner on the operation of all systems installed during construction. coordination. Figure 1: Project management in six phases, ... During the development of an educational video game, the users (young people) were involved in the project only at a later stage. 3.2 Sustainable Procurement. The second thing to consider is that construction projects are almost always completed in a linear fashion. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Tips For Working With Sustainable Concrete. Construction projects are largely completed in a linear fashion. Do they have the skills required to carry out the role? The... 2. Project Management; Real Estate; Home Construction; Menu. Initiation Phase of Construction Project. -- Checking that the agreed change management process is strictly followed at all stages of the project. During this period, the owner and construction manager will explore the project itself, working towards getting a firm understanding of the scope of the project, the budget for the project, and the desired occupancy date. On the contrary, if the team deems the project unprofitable or unachievable, they will cancel the project. During this period, the owner and construction manager will explore the project itself, working towards getting a firm understanding of the scope of the project, the budget for the project, and the desired occupancy date. PSM can be defined as, “A methodology, that includes the list of detailed work/tasks to be executed, so as to attain project objectives”. A final team meeting is usually held and led by a project manager to officially mark the ending of the project. , a construction manager will first tour the completed building, usually accompanied by someone from the architectural team, to identify any areas that don’t meet the project’s requirements. The design stage involves four steps: programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents. Bachelor of Science in Construction Project Management. Specifically, you may be wondering what the stages of construction project management are, and how those stages relate to the construction process and project plan in general. These KPIs determine degrees of variation from the original project goal. Of course, now that we say that, the first step is ALWAYS the one that will happen first. A site is selected, a design is drawn up, and resources are gathered. Construction Management: Stages of a Construction Project 1. Also, project managers must create a final project budget and report to close out the project. The Project Management Institute (PMI) originally developed these five phases. The first of the project management stages is all about giving the project a relatively broad definition and establishing whether or not it is feasible. A B.S. Approval for entitlements must occur before building permits can be issued and often must include one or more public hearings and numerous meetings with relevant decision-making entities. While each phase serves an important function, the most thoroughly planned projects are often the easiest and fastest to execute. Project managers are the critical piece of this complex puzzle. Some of the specific tasks during this phase include: assigning teams, executing project management plans, conducting status meetings, updating project schedule, and modifying project plans. These two stages occur consecutively, so let’s take a look at them in order. Put another way, one component must be finished before. The second thing to consider is that construction projects are almost always completed in a linear fashion. The procedure should only be carried out retrospectively, and then only during the construction phase of the project, when it can be demonstrated that otherwise significant delay, cost or danger would have been incurred by awaiting responses. Construction project management coordinates and oversees the activities of each entity required to bring about project completion, from assembling a team of designers, engineers, architects, and contractors, to securing the permitting, materials, and equipment necessary to physically construct the project. Stage One: Design Every successful build starts with an idea. In any project, a project manager spends most of the time in this step. A project manager will lead their team through these five phases in succession—regardless of project size—until the project is complete. It’s the responsibility of the planning team to make sure that the planning meets all building codes and laws. Due to this, construction project management requires an individual to move seamlessly between different stages in the construction process simultaneously. It is the responsibility of the design team to ensure that the design meets all building codes and regulations. The electrician receives their work order, completes the work required of them, and then moves on to another project. A building inspector must be involved at various construction stages in order to verify that the project is being constructed according to municipal code. Effective construction managers are intimately familiar with the physical construction process, and many come from a background of working on construction projects. The Construction Management Association of America (CMAA) states the most common responsibilities of a Construction Manager fall into the following 7 categories: Project Management Planning, Cost Management, Time Management, Quality Management, Contract Administration, Safety Management, and CM Professional Practice. You may not have a clear understanding of how construction project management works, or you may just want more information about construction management in general. However, it is the part of the cost under the control of the construction project manager. Remember that construction projects largely occur linearly, so one small hiccup in the process can lead to larger delays down the road. If securing entitlements is necessary for your project, you will be working closely with your project manager throughout the process so it is important to work with a construction manager that you trust and that clearly communicates all relevant information about the process to you. A feasibility study looks at the goals, costs, and timeline of a project to determine if the project manager thinks they have enough resources to pursue the project. At the same time they must understand the permitting and entitlements process, and since they are responsible for handling the project accounting, they must have knowledge of accounting principles and best practices. Many times the project manager must make several adjustments to keep a project on track. However, its impact has been quite remarkable. Choices should be cr… In this article, we’ll define the project management process and cover each phase of project management. This balancing act can present challenges, particularly for large or complex projects, which highlights the importance of working with an effective project manager with demonstrated experience on projects of a similar size and scope. The planning stage is where the project plans are documented, the project deliverables and requirements are defined, and the project schedule is created. During this stage the aim is to hash out the high-level goals that must be met for you to consider the project a success. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. These two processes are at once intertwined and distinct, for reasons that will become clear as we continue. As soon as the contractor is chosen, the project team is put together. This is the period during which the project owner begins working with a construction project manager. Construction management . Project Planning Phase IV. We have to create and evaluate the project in order to determine if it is... 2. Traditionally, there are 5 stages of project management. This book deals with some topics and tools of the large field of project management. These 5 stages create what is known as a project life cycle. It is important to maintain control and communicate as needed during implementation. The broad responsibilities of a construction project manager highlight the importance of choosing a project manager that understands their role and has demonstrated experience and expertise in successfully guiding projects to completion. This is critical information that can be used to improve future bids. A site is selected, a design is drawn up, and resources are gathered. Cheng Siew Goh, in Sustainable Construction Technologies, 2019. The initiation stage of the project management life cycle is when you meet with clients and stakeholders to understand their goals, motivations, and hopes for the project. The design stage involves four steps: programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents. The 5 process groups of project management. . Stages of Construction Management. There are a couple of things about the general flow of a construction project that is worth considering. If after further research and discussion a project is found to pass these evaluation tests, the project will move on to create a project charter or Project Initiation Document (PID). An alternative view of project management stages. The 5 Phases of Project Management (PMP) The 5 phases of project management include initiation, planning, execution, monitoring, and project closure. These differences highlight the important role that construction managers have in overseeing the construction process. Project management in construction, which includes juggling various tasks and ensuring a project meets its deadlines, takes a great deal of expertise. The good news is that with the continuous progress of digital solutions, the management of the different project phases can now be done much easier and with higher precision. This book is dedicated mainly to undergraduate engineering students, especially Civil Engineering students where most of the applications are presented in the civil engineering field. The Project Management Institute (PMI) originally developed these five phases. Once construction is completed, the project is finished and the owner begins utilizing the constructed space. Construction project planning and project scheduling is two separate and distinct function of the project management. Once a project is approved and given the thumbs-up, a plan needs to be outlined and put into writing. When the team officially completes the project, we move into the final stage of the construction project life cycle. Lots of work has already been done on a project by the time construction actually starts, but the physical construction stage remains one of the areas of greatest risk in any construction project. Understanding and planning for the 4 stages of the project life cycle can help you manage, organize, and plan so your project will go off without a hitch. It’s throughout the planning stage that the bidding method takes place. An important part of the pre-construction stage is securing the building permits required to actually complete the project. Land-use entitlements are required when projects fall outside of the boundaries covered by the normal permitting process, such as when a project needs a variance or zoning amendment. The stakeholders responsible will usually use two methods to decide whether or not the project gets the go-ahead: Project Initiation. Without project management tools, you’ll be scrambling to gather actionable data, track progress and meet deadlines. Feasibility and style involve four steps: programming and feasibility, schematic style, style development, and contract documents. The value of the project is determined, as well as its feasibility. Let’s start with the basics. Planning and Design Phase The stages of construction project management span from an idea that the owner has for a project, all the way to the point where the owner actually begins utilizing their finished project. Here, we will learn about the planning phase of project management. Most discussions on managing construction projects focus on controlling the building phase and ignore the significance of managing the planning stage. How does construction project management work? In fact, throughout this process, the construction manager will stay involved by monitoring construction progress to ensure adherence to the schedule. Also important is understanding the site itself, including whether the construction manager can identify any potential environmental issues with the site, or related to that project on that specific site. This. of the large field of project management. There are four parts to designing a construction project. Nearly all construction projects consist of a variety of different entities working together to complete the project. The Project Life Cycle – Understanding the 5 Stages of Project Management in Construction 1. The design stage is the preliminary stage of a construction project, and the bidding process comes to pass during this project stage. This phase is imperative in preparing and executing a successful project. During the third phase, the implementation phase, the project plan is put into motion and the work of the project is performed. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Having a written plan helps ensure that everyone on the team is on the same page and understands the steps that they must take to complete the project effectively. Identifying key risks at the beginning will help prepare your team for anything that might come up during the project. If all issues have been resolved, the construction manager will work with the general contractor to train the owner on the operation of all systems installed during construction. It may surprise most people that aren’t familiar with the construction management process to find out that a large portion of the work required to successfully complete a project occurs during the administration and. Monitoring and Control Phase VII. An important part of the pre-construction stage is securing the building permits required to actually complete the project. The pre-project administration stage is largely centered around information gathering and plan development. The easiest way to visualize this is by picturing an electrician that is brought onto a project as a subcontractor. For example, perhaps the team discovered that site work actually consumes 200 labors. Tip: Prepare a list of anything left unfinished and identify who will complete these items. These differences highlight the important role that construction managers have in overseeing the construction process. Project Execution. If any such issues are identified during this walkthrough, the construction project manager will work with the general contractor or subcontractors to ensure that the issue is resolved. Stage Four: Construction With the start of the construction stage, the building begins. Additionally, any materials or equipment required for the project will be lined up for the physical construction stage. This stage includes a lot of to and fro and brainstorming meetings between project team members and stakeholders. A project needs to be managed in order to get the desired result. The goal of this is to avoid any impact on the project completion timeline or budget. Villanova University | Construction Management. Using the plan as the project guide, team members assign specific tasks for completion and allocates resources accordingly. Procurement. A construction manager is therefore tasked with understand everything about the construction site, including equipment, material, subcontractors, and also locations. This stage of the project life cycle is all about monitoring. Construction project planning is the function in which project and construction managers and their key staff members prepares the master plan. Tip: Give some thought to who you want on your team. This is where the magic happens and the project comes to life. It will guide decisions that will impact both the budget and timeline for completion, so having a firm understanding of the client’s wishes and ensuring their feasibility from the outset of the project is essential. It has always been practiced informally, but began to emerge as a distinct profession in the mid-20th century. Specific key performance (or project) indicators (KPI’s) for cost, time and quality are selected and utilized. The required levels of accuracy of construction cost estimates vary at different stages of project development, ranging from ball park figures in the early stage to fairly reliable figures for budget control prior to construction. Understanding the construction project management process is important for setting realistic expectations. This is where all projects begin. The project takes shape during the implementation phase. The information provided in this article is intended as a broad overview of the construction project management stages. With much of the execution happening at the jobsite, it is critical for those that are not on the jobsite to have visibility. To do this, construction managers typically tour the construction site on a regular basis, or in some cases maintain a physical presence on the site for the duration of the project. If you are interested in investing, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania is a growing market with strong opportunity. The Project Life Cycle (Phases) The project manager and project team have one shared goal: to carry out the work of the project for the purpose of meeting the project’s objectives. Project is a collaborative set of operations, involving research or design that is carefully planned to achieve a certain objective. 3.3 Project Work Stages 5 3.4 General Notes 5 4 CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT WORK 6 5 MINIMUM COMPETENCIES REQUIRED 14 6 PROVISIONS OF THE PROJECT AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT PROFESSIONS ACT 16 6.1 Compliance with the Project and Construction Management Professions Act, 2000 16 6.2 Improper Conduct 16 At the same time they must understand the permitting and entitlements process, and since they are responsible for handling the project accounting, they must have knowledge of accounting principles and best practices. However, if you are just beginning to explore the role of project managers in construction projects, this outline will serve as a useful starting place for further research. Once construction is completed, the project is finished and the owner begins utilizing the constructed space. All of them happen fairly simultaneously unless otherwise noted, but are all important cogs in the wheel to make the whole project roll along cohesively. A project undergoes mainly five stages to be achieved fully, and these are described below in detail: Design. Next stage in the project cycle is actual implementation of the project for its construction and operation. Returning to the example of the electrician, they aren’t able to complete their piece of the project before a foundation is poured and a frame erected. Planning Phase of Construction Project. Work Breakdown Structure V. Execution Phase VI. Therefore, an important part of project management in construction is having a thorough risk mitigation plan. This stage is where the team collectively develops deliverables to satisfy the customer. STAGES OF A CONSTRUCTION PROJECT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 2.
2020 stages of construction project management