It was essentially a human-guided glider-bomb for suicide missions against Allied shipping. 155 Ohka Model 11s were built at Yokosuka, and another 600 were built at the Kasumigaura Naval Air Arsenal.. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka 11 In den letzten Monaten des Zweiten Weltkriegs wurden insgesamt 852 Ohkas in vier Versionen gebaut. One of these is the Imperial War Museum’s rare surviving example of a Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 11. Seas, 7. The only operational Ohka was the Model 11. In place of the warhead, a second seat was installed for the student pilot. For other uses, see, Japanese Navy Special-Purpose Aircraft designations, Kightly, James. bocciolo di ciliegio) fu un aereo a reazione con motore a razzo disegnato dall'ufficio di progettazione giapponese Kūgishō, il Primo arsenale tecnico aeronavale di Yokosuka, negli anni quaranta.. Fu un aeroplano specificatamente costruito come unità kamikaze impiegato dall'Impero giapponese nelle fasi finali della Seconda guerra mondiale. Koneen suunnitteli lentoinsinööri, kapteeni Niki. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was used mostly against American ships invading Okinawa, and if launched from its mothership, could be extremely effective due to its high speed in the dive. On release, the pilot would first glide towards the target and when close enough he would fire the Ohka's three solid-fuel rockets, one at a time or in unison, and fly the missile towards the ship that he intended to destroy. Februar 2016, 19:12:40 » Danke und wieder was gelernt . Late in World War II, the Dai-ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho (1st Naval Air Technical Arsenal) at Yokosuka, Japan, designed the MXY7-K1 to teach less experienced pilots to fly the Model 11 "Ohka" (Cherry Blossom) kamikaze suicide rocket bomb. Versandkosten . The mothership was to be the Nakajima G8N Renzan. ”idiootti”), oli japanilainen, kamikazekäyttöön suunniteltu, rakettimoottorein varustettu itsemurhapommi. Napęd zapewniały trzy silniki rakietowe Type 4-1 model 20 Oblot prototypu miał miejsce pod koniec 1944 roku, a produkcja seryjna trwała w latach 1944-1945, kończąc się wytworzeniem ok.850 maszyn tego typu. During the Okinawa Campaign, the Japanese utilized the Yokosuka MXY-7 Okha "Baka Bomb" against U.S. Navy warships. Yokosuka MXY7 — Yokosuka Ōka Modell 11 (Nachbau) im Militärmuseum des Yasukuni Schreins in Tokio Die Yokosuka MXY 7 »Ōka« (jap. Yokosuka MXY7; Verwendung auf vi.wikipedia.org Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka; Metadaten. Yokosuka MXY7 — Yokosuka Ōka Modell 11 (Nachbau) im Militärmuseum des Yasukuni Schreins in Tokio Die Yokosuka MXY 7 »Ōka« (jap. So meine Ohka ist jetzt grundiert und ich habe mal den neuen Primer von Ultimate getestet. One Ohka hit the bridge of a destroyer, Shea, causing extensive damage and casualties.  Finally, the Model 53 would also use the Ne-20 turbojet, but was to be towed like a glider and released near its target.. Flowers, This article is about the Japanese aircraft. The MXY7 had an unusual origin. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka był japońskim samobójczym samolotem-pociskiem z okresu II wojny światowej. The only operational Ohka was the Model 11. National Air and Space Museum, The rear of Ohka, Royal Air Force Museum Cosford. For other uses, see, Japanese Navy purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1979 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMikesh_and_Abe1990 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1971 (, Kightly, James. Once the concept had been accepted, Yokosuka began developing the MXY7 Ohka (cherry blossom). Although extremely fast, the very short range of the Ohka meant that it had to be carried into action as a parasite aircraft by a much larger bomber, which was itself vulnerable to carrier-borne fighters. Ohka nie posiadała żadnego uzbrojenia defensywnego. English: The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (桜花 "cherry blossom") — was a small flying bomb that was carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M "Betty", Yokosuka P1Y Ginga "Frances" (guided Type 22) or planned Heavy Nakajima G8N Renzan "Rita" (transport type 43A/B) bomber to within range of its target. Daar was in Augustus 1944 begin met die ontwerp van die vlieënde bom en produksie het reeds in September 1944 begin. Postwar analysis indicated that no hits were recorded and that a near-miss took place. On 4 May 1945, seven "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. ”idiootti”), oli japanilainen, kamikazekäyttöön suunniteltu, rakettimoottorein varustettu itsemurhapommi. In the first two attempts to ship the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf through aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the US submarines USS Archer-Fish and USS Redfish. One returned. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka – Restoration Complete at Imperial War Museum Duxford. Next up Next on the schedule will be clearcoating and decaling the Ohka. Yokosuka MXY7 (tunnettu nimellä Ōka (jap. Jeffers destroyed an Ohka with AA fire 45 m (50 yd) from the ship, but the resulting explosion was still powerful enough to cause extensive damage, forcing Jeffers to withdraw. The XO is LtCdr Nonaka Goro (61)(former squadron leader, 752nd NAG). Kugisho MXY-7 Ohka Model 22 (Yokosuka): für Selbstmordangriffe konzipiertes japanisches Militärflugzeug Während noch mehrere raketengetriebene Ohka 11 vorhanden sind, ist diese Ohka 22 die einzige strahlgetriebene Version des Kamikaze-Flugzeugs der Welt. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka. "Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" and Ohka Bomb". Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Yokosuka Mxy7 Ohka Model 22 Von Brengun 1/48 bei eBay. Voor die koms van die Yokosuka was gewone vliegtuie omgebou vir kamikaze-aanvalle. Essentially a 1,200-kilogram (2,600 lb) bomb with wooden wings, powered by three Type 4 Model 1 Mark 20 solid-fuel rocket motors, the Model 11 achieved great speed, but with limited range. Diese Datei enthält weitere Informationen (beispielsweise Exif-Metadaten), die in der Regel von der Digitalkamera oder dem verwendeten Scanner stammen. The Ohka was essentially a piloted … Die Codebezeichnung der Alliierten für diese … Deutsch Wikipedia. The MXY7 was rocket powered. Model 22: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. The destroyer Mannert L. Abele was hit, broke in two, and sank, witnessed by LSMR-189 CO James M. Stewart. K-1: (rebuilt to represent a Model 11, but retaining the landing skid): Francillon, Ph.D., René J. The MXY-7 Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka was a manned flying bomb that was usually carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M2e Model 24J "Betty" bomber to within range of its target. MwSt., zzgl. Price: Euro 14.16 plus shipping available online from Brengun. W 1944 roku miażdżąca przewaga amerykańskiego lotnictwa i marynarki wymagała podjęcia wszelkich możliwych środków do powstrzymania natarcia. The destroyer Mannert L. Abele was hit, broke in two, and sank, witnessed by LSMR-189 CO James M. Stewart. Daar was in Augustus 1944 begin met die ontwerp van die vlieënde bom en produksie het reeds in September 1944 begin. This engine was successfully tested, and 50 Model 22 Ohkas were built at Yokosuka to accept this engine. In place of the warhead, a second seat was installed for the student pilot. 桜花) buvo specialiai kamikadzėms kurtas lėktuvas, Japonijos naudotas Antrojo pasaulinio karo metu. In the first two attempts to transport the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf using aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the U.S. submarines Archerfish and Redfish.. When the Betty/Ohka combination reaching Allied shipping, the Ohka pilot would detach, … Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, (櫻花 "cherry blossom", Hebon-shiki transcription Ōka, ) was a purpose-built, rocket powered kamikaze aircraft employed by Japan towards the end of World War II. The Allied nickname for the aircraft was "Baka", a Japanese word meaning "foolish" or "idiotic". English: The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (桜花 "cherry blossom") — was a small flying bomb that was carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M "Betty", Yokosuka P1Y Ginga "Frances" (guided Type 22) or planned Heavy Nakajima G8N Renzan "Rita" (transport type 43A/B) bomber to within range of its target. The only variant which saw service was the Model 11, and it was powered by three Type 4 Mark 1 Model 20 rockets. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka – pilotowany przez pilota-samobójcę samolot-pocisk konstrukcji japońskiej z okresu II wojny światowej Pocisk miał być przewożony przez specjalnie do tego celu przystosowane samoloty bombowe Mitsubishi G4M2e.  The transports Alpine, Achernar, and Tyrrell were also hit by kamikaze aircraft, but it is unclear whether any of these were Ohkas from the other "Bettys". The Ohka was carried to the target under a G4M "Betty" bomber. Attacks intensified in April 1945. Postwar analysis indicated that no hits were recorded and that a near-miss took place. Essentially a 1,200-kilogram (2,600 lb) bomb with wooden wings, powered by three Type 4 Model 1 Mark 20 solid-fuel rocket motors, the Model 11 achieved great speed, but with limited range. The other Ohka narrowly missed (its pilot probably killed by anti-aircraft fire) and crashed into the sea, knocking off the Stanly's ensign in the process. October 1944 (unpowered), November 1944 (powered). , The Ohka K-1 was an unpowered trainer version with water ballast instead of warhead and engines, that was used to provide pilots with handling experience. On 22 June 1945, six "Bettys" attacked the fleet. combinedfleet.com, 2015-08-01 [cit. Model tego samobójczego samolotu o napędzie rakietowym wypuściła firma Fine Molds, skala 1:48. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was the only purpose-built suicide aircraft ever deployed. The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, " cherry blossom "; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of the Pacific War during World War II. Februar 2016, 15:14:10 » Moin zusammen, da ich mich langsam auch bisschen auf 48er Kits fixiert habe, wollte ich für mein erstes 48er Modell ein einigermaßen einfaches Modell aussuchen. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was used mostly against American ships invading Okinawa, and if launched from its mothership, could be extremely effective due to its high speed in the dive. The Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer USS Mannert L. Abele was the first Allied ship to be sunk by Ohka aircraft, near Okinawa on 12 April 1945. S u m m a r y : Catalogue Number: Brengun Kit No. The final approach was difficult for a defender to stop because the aircraft gained high speed (650 km/h (400 mph) in level flight and 930 km/h (580 mph) or even 1,000 km/h (620 mph) in a dive. ", "Iruma: Japan's hidden aviation museum a hangar for history", "Ohka kamikaze aircraft goes on display at IWM London for the first time", "Kugisho MXY7 K-2 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) 43B", "Unique Two-Seat Yokosuka Ohka On Display at Pima Air & Space Museum", The Mysterious Second Seat – Air & Space Magazine, Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yokosuka_MXY-7_Ohka&oldid=988514794, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from December 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In action during the Battle of Okinawain 1945, Ohkas were able … Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka: Tipas: šturmo lėktuvas: Pirmas skrydis: 1944 m. lapkritis: Pradėtas naudoti: 1945 m. Baigtas naudoti: 1945 m. Būsena: nenaudojamas: Pagaminta vnt. This was problematic, as it required the slow, heavily laden mother aircraft to approach within 37 km (20 nmi; 23 mi) of the target, making them very vulnerable to defending fighters. Attacks intensified in April 1945. US personnel disarming the warhead of an Ohka, Yontan Airfield, Okinawa, April 1945. 桜花, Kirschblüte) war ein für Selbstmordangriffe konzipiertes japanisches Militärflugzeug.  A trainer version was also under development for this version, the two-seat Model 43 K-1 Kai Wakazakura (Young Cherry), fitted with a single rocket motor. At least one made a successful attack, with its Oh… Once the concept had been accepted, Yokosuka began developing the MXY7 Ohka (cherry blossom). Man erkennt sie an den beiden Lufteinläufen vor dem Leitwerk. Koneen suunnitteli lentoinsinööri, kapteeni Niki. The Japanese Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (“Cherry Blossom”) was a piloted, rocket powered, anti-shipping Kamikaze suicide aircraft with a 1,200 kg / 2,646 lb ammonal warhead designed to unleash hell upon Allied fleets. 桜花, Kirschblüte) war ein für Selbstmordangriffe konzipiertes japanisches Militärflugzeug.  In the first two attempts to transport the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf using aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the U.S. submarines Archerfish and Redfish. The pilot was to glide them then punch the rockets for a high speed approach to the target. Ostatnimi czasy wpadł mi w ręce model pilotowanej latającej bomby Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (Baka). Model 43: K-1 Kai: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (cherry blossom) was a purpose-built, rocket powered human-guided anti-shipping kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan towards the end of World War II. Stroj MXY7 s kódovým označením Óka začala vyvíjať japonská firma Jokosuka. The Imperial Japanese Navy decided the idea had merit and Yokosuka engineers of the Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal (Dai-Ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho, or in short Kugisho) created formal blueprints for what was to be the MXY7. Two of this version were built. Two days later, six "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. Techniškai tai buvo pilotuojama sparnuotoji raketa. , The Model 22 was designed to overcome the short standoff distance problem by using a Campini-type motorjet engine, the Ishikawajima Tsu-11. BRP48002 -Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 22: Scale: 1/48. The U.S. military quickly realized the danger and concentrated on extending their "defensive rings" outward to intercept the "Betty"/Ohka combination aircraft before the suicide mission could be launched. The Ohka pilots, members of the Jinrai Butai (Thunder Gods Corps), are honored in Japan at Ohka Park in Kashima City, the Ohka Monument in Kanoya City, the Kamakura Ohka Monument at Kenchō-ji Zen temple in Kamakura, Kanagawa, and the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo.