God chooses or rejects people according to his absolute sovereign will and purpose. O LORD God of Israel, I pray, tell Your servant.” And the LORD said, “He will come down.” Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?” And the LORD said, “They will deliver you.” So David and his men, about six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah and went wherever they could go. 11-20), receives an eternal covenant promise (2 Sam. God perfectly kept His promise to David (1 Samuel 23:4-5). and they rob the threshing-floors--These were commonly situated on the fields and were open to the wind ( Judges 6:11 , Ruth 3:2 ). (2) Who did Saul believe would become king after his death? 1 Samuel 23:15-29 New International Version (NIV). Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. So David and his men went to Keliah and fought, : David did what God told him to do. b. "Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember [that] which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid [wait] for … David could reject fear because God’s promise would come to pass (, ). If you begin with God, your enemies grow small. If David stayed in Keliah the word would have surely come to pass. David could reject fear because God would ultimately protect him (, ). : By all outward appearance, this was a crazy thing to do. Some might be angry with the LORD but David did the right thing – he inquired of the LORD again. God directed David to act like a king even if he was not the king yet. Brief Summary: The book of 1 Samuel can be neatly divided into two sections: the life of Samuel (chapters 1-12) and the life of Saul (chapters 13-31). SAUL'S COMING, AND TREACHERY OF THE KEILITES. It was written at about 930 B.C. Out of worry of David’s men, David had to ask God twice and the LORD assured him a victory. The people of Israel selfishly chose Saul to rule over them as king (1 Sam. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The mountain plateau seems here to end. So David and his men went to Keliah and fought: David did what God told him to do. 1 st Samuel is a story of Narrative History and includes a great deal of Drama. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Then David went up from there and dwelt in strongholds at En Gedi. Abishai had the keen desire to finish Saul with one blow. Jonathan couldn’t stay with David, but he strengthened his hand in God. b. Saul sought him every day: Saul was a determined enemy, unrelenting in his pursuit of David. f. Arise, go down to Keiliah, for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand: God likes to confirm His word, especially when He directs us to do something hard or unusual. In Psalm 54, David let go of the bitterness and fear and praised the LORD instead: I will freely sacrifice to You; I will praise Your name, O LORD, for it is good. David enquired of God to see if he should go and beat the Philistines. This mountain was an emblem of the Divine Providence coming between David and the destroyer. Inductive Bible study on the life of David from 1 Samuel 23-24. In Psalm 54, David called out to the LORD for help: Save me, O God, by Your name, and vindicate me by Your strength. This time the LORD not only confirmed His previous command, but He also gave, I will deliver the Philistines into your hand. Then they told David--rather, "now they had told"; for this information had reached him previous to his hearing ( 1 Samuel 23:6) of the Nob tragedy. The kingdom foreshadows the coming millennial kingdom in some respects. God loved His people too much to let them suffer with an unfaithful king. 1. , and drew him away from David to fight the Philistines. For I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.”. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. Jonathan couldn’t stay with David, but he, : In encouraging David, Jonathan gave him reasons to, . Arise, go down to Keiliah, for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand, : God likes to confirm His word, especially when He directs us to do something hard or unusual. b. It was the sad end of a tragic life, concluding the story of a man who came to the throne humble but left it hard and bitter against both God and man. It was an opportunity given to David to exercise faith and patience. And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. i. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. So Saul said, “God has delivered him into my hand, for he has shut himself in by entering a town that has gates and bars.” Then Saul called all the people together for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men. Blessed are you of the LORD: Saul was so spiritually warped that he said to the betrayers of an innocent man, “Blessed are you of the LORD.”. Discuss the kind of love that Jonathan showed as David’s friend. Therefore David inquired of the LORD: This showed David’s wisdom and godliness. 23 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors. Third, this would bring David wide open out before King Saul. : David was in a bad place, and he was in a bad place because the LORD led him there. He wrestled with their advice and saw that in many ways it made a lot of sense. This was against David. 1. Abiathar had evidently remained in the forest of Hereth when David took his men to attack the Philistines in Keilah (cf. So Saul said, “God has delivered him into my hand”: Saul thought that God had blessed him and given him victory over David. i. i. It was not a comfortable or easy place to be. To talk with calm and assured confidence of himself and family being superseded by the man who was his friend by the bonds of a holy and solemn covenant, could only have been done by one who, superior to all views of worldly policy, looked at the course of things in the spirit and through the principles of that theocracy which acknowledged God as the only and supreme Sovereign of Israel. Proud member So David made haste to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men were encircling David and his men to take them. For I am told he is very crafty. All rights reserved. In this, he shows the same heart as the greater Son of David, Jesus, who through His humble action spared us against not only Satan, but against the righteous judgment of God. b. Saul did his best to trap David, and it looked like he would. “Here is a second inquiry. David abode in the wilderness . e. David inquired of the LORD once again: Wisely, David took the words from his men into great account. Therefore he went down to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. Therefore he went down to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. v. “He is now looking at God. came down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon--Tell Main, the hillock on which was situated the ancient Maon ( Joshua 15:55 ), and from which the adjoining wilderness took its name, is one mile north, ten east from Camel. (what we would think of as a large hill), separated by the ridge. : This is another example of David seeking God through the priest using the, . CHAPTER 23. It had, probably, been committed to his care, while Ahimelech and the other priests repaired to Gibeah, in obedience to the summons of Saul. And when Saul heard. Because of their great friendship, David and Jonathan looked forward to the day when David would be king, and Jonathan would support and help him. We may request cookies to be set on your device. In Psalm 54, David expressed his confidence in the LORD: Behold, God is my helper; the LORD is with those who uphold my life. No wonder, then, that the Ziphites saw David and his men passing to and fro in the mountains of the wilderness. (8-15) Saul acknowledges his fault. This was against David. So, David, who was a great warrior, humbled himself and escaped. Some might have immediately said, “This isn’t my responsibility, let Saul deal with it.” Others might have immediately said, “Let’s go! The alternative conditions here described have often been referred to as illustrating the doctrine of God's foreknowledge and preordination of events. Includes cross references, discussion questions, teaching points, outline, and applications on 1 Samuel 23-24. There are certain profound global lessons for us in the setting up of the kingdom. : This showed David’s wisdom and godliness. For it is evident from 1 Samuel 23:6, that David had received the information here referred to, and had even delivered the inhabitants of Keilah before Abiathar came to tell him of the slaughter of the priests. It was not a comfortable or easy place to be. 7. it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah--Saul imagined himself now certain of his victim, who would be hemmed within a fortified town. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. And David stayed in strongholds in the wilderness, and remained in the mountains in the Wilderness of Ziph. David could reject fear because God’s promise would come to pass (You shall be king over Israel). We need 2 cookies to store this setting. job to fight the Philistines, but Saul wasn’t doing his job and the LORD called David to do it. 29. Second, David had enough trouble with Saul and he didn’t need to add trouble from the Philistines – one enemy is usually enough. And David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines, struck them with a mighty blow, and took away their livestock. It seems, anciently, to have been covered by an extensive woods. b. A Man Without a Country (1 Samuel 21:1-22:4) 19. c. But God did not deliver him into his hand: Saul can be as determined as he pleases but he does not dictate these events – God does. DAVID ESCAPES TO ZIPH. Analysis Just what this "evil spirit" sent by God to "torment" (better: "terrify") Saul is, remains in obscurity. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. The title to that Psalm reads, A Contemplation of David when the Ziphites went and said to Saul, “Is David not hiding with us?”. Salem Media Group. But David’s men said to him, “Look, we are afraid here in Judah.”, . 1. 3. , he pursued David in the Wilderness of Maon. Saul didn’t want to believe that, so he thought and said David’s protection was due to being. Renewing or reconfirming a covenant does not make the previous covenant less precious; it makes it more precious and valid. David could reject fear because God would ultimately protect him (Saul my father shall not find you). He had a promise of the kingdom, but no command to slay the king. a. d. At this time, David expressed his feelings to the LORD in song, and that song is Psalm 54. (16-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 24:1-7 (Read 1 Samuel 24:1-7) God delivered Saul into David's hand. 2. iv. Now it happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah. He chooses a man named Saul, and it turns out he chose… poorly. The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling … Verses 6-14. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Saul was totally motivated by self-interest. Then Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain. 4. i. It was good that David. i. Saul wouldn’t go to Keliah to save the people against the Philistines, but he would go there to try and save himself against David. Please go and find out for sure, and see the place where his hideout is, who has seen him there. When Saul and his men went to seek, , they told David. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. St Samuel is a record of triumph and tragedy only amuse or deceive those who hear, and see place... 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