They are have more intense and bright black strips compared to their male counterparts. the male is about the same size or a little smaller. So be cautious before choosing proper tankmates for this fish. Some of the members of the Cichlid family are as follows: Eating, sleeping, and dwelling are the major things every living being want to enjoy a healthy life. Sexing a Black Convict Cichlid. Convict Cichlid Breeding - FAQ aka the 'Convict Capers' This is a day by day journal of two pairs of breeding convict cichlids who share an aquarium, and who spawn happily together. After five days of the development, the little fish start swimming. Their exciting colours are suitable for an office or home aquarium for those who love to keep fish. The advantage of this is it means you can keep them in smaller tanks than other species as well. A mature male Convict Cichlid is longer, approximately 6 inches, while the female is around 4.5 inches long. To help you take care of your Convict Cichlid, we will discuss in this article all you need to know about them, tank conditions, tank mates, dietary needs, breeding, brooding and much more. a fluorescent bulb on the ceiling of the aquarium. My male is slightly larger and he has longer fins. Pseudotropheus saulosi konings 1990 synonym. The male Convict Cichlid on the other hand protects and guards the entire area. Keep or Best Offer +$19.95 shipping. The In the wild, the Convict Cichlid excavate the caves by removing sand underneath rocks. Take a look at some of the most compatible tankmates for Convict Cichlid: During the spawning period, the aggression of this fish gets worse, so don’t keep them with other fish during the time of mating and laying eggs. Not only in America but you will also get this fish in the lakes of Africa. But other than that, it has everything that females have. This American fish is found both in the hot geysers of hilly areas and warm streams of the land region under the rocks and sunken branches. Housing a cichlid with a betta would be very interesting, but ultimately destructive. In contrast, male convict cichlids are larger, have more pointed ventral, dorsal and anal fins which often extend into filaments. This page may contain affiliate links, which will earn us a commission. They are known to be serially monogamous, a male and a female Convict Cichlid form a pair and live in one territory and form a couple of very good parents. 2:50. The dorsal, anal and caudal fins of the male fish may be … In most types of cichlid fish, the male will be larger than the female, measuring up to a full inch inch longer. Therefore, fish also have different types of health and mental issues. Moreover, the father and mother of the little Cichlids bring food for their little fries after the development of the eggs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); You The Convict Cichlid is a popular aquarium fish kept by most people in their homes and offices. However, you will have to wait till there are mature to tell the difference because Convict Cichlid are monomorphic. You need to be sure that you have a separate big aquarium in your home which you can use for the breeding process of a Cichlid. A female mouth brooder cichlid sucks the eggs back into her mouth. know that water is the home of every fish, so try to follow some necessary Convict Cichlid prefer living in slow moving water that mostly has sunken branches and rocks that they use for shelter and hiding. If you have any questions feel free to contact me or leave a comment below. Convict Cichlid require low maintenance and are easy to keep, which makes them popular among beginners in fish keeping. Convict Cichlid. Buy It Now +$21.99 shipping. Cichlids have great variability in the timing of sexual differentiation, and different species have differing sexual lability over time as shown in Figure 2. Convict cichlids also known as zebra cichlids due to their beautiful black and white stripes are an ideal fish for beginners. The female Convict Cichlid are brighter in colour, and they develop yellow or red spots on their belly as soon as they become sexually mature. You don’t need to take much care of this vibrant-shaded fish because they have no special food requirement, and they are smaller in size. In addition, older males frequently develop vestigialfatty lumps on their foreheads. While setting up an aquarium for the Convict Cichlid, you should consider their natural habitat conditions. It is a relatively small fish that grows to approximately 6.5 inches for the male and 4.5 inches for the female Convict Cichlid fish. because Cichlids like to live in an environment that is surrounded by greenery. Convict Cichlid give care to both eggs and free swimming fry. Convict Cichlid are very aggressive. Tank Requirements for Convict Cichlid. Different conditions may lead to increased level of aggression. This concerns both separ… Most of the Convict Cichlid are black, but due to selective breeding, there are now Convict Cichlid of different varieties and colours such as gold, white and most commonly pink. I have males and females to pick from. So, keep small caves and rocks on which the female fish can lay eggs. After a successful mating, the female will lay up to 300 eggs and will immediately begin to guard them. The male is mostly gray with light black stripes along the body. In the wild, the female lays eggs inside caves or rocks. In the wild, these fish will be found hiding behind rock-patterns and branches. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Before choosing this freshwater fish for your fish tank, why don’t you gather a little information on Convict Cichlid in the given table: Located in the warm river, this hardy fish is capable to dwell in every type of fish tank, but don’t keep marine water in the aquarium of this freshwater species. The female convict will take the initiative in the mating cycle. Oscar Fish – Habitat, Care, Feeding, Tank Size, Breeding, Convict Cichlids Breeding: Water Parameters, Tank Setup, Spawning, « 20+ Freshwater Shrimp Species – Complete List, Best 10-Gallon Aquarium Kits for Beginners ». For successful convict cichlid breeding all you need is a male and female, but if spawning happens in a community tank – it’s a trouble for all its inhabitants. It is important to note that Convict Cichlid are omnivorous. The Convict Cichlid breed well in normal tank water conditions, but with a raise of temperatures to around 30°C. The brooding lasts for approximately three to four weeks in the wild and breeding occurs only once per season. The parents ensure the fry return to the cave just before dark by sucking around three to four fry at a time, and delivering them in the cave. Determining whether you have a male or female is easy and straightforward for this breed of fish. The betta fish is known as a fighting fish -- in Thailand fighting bettas is a sport -- and a cichlid is equally aggressive. After the fertilization of the eggs by the male fish, the female fish protects the eggs till the time of development. The large sized portion are not only a healthy issue for the fish, but it could also cause pollution, causing water destabilization in the tank. She first chooses a dark spot, then courts the male before laying her eggs on the side of a clay pottery piece or on flat rocks. However, other Cichlids may not be violent but their behavior is wilder than other fish. It is a member of the Cichlidae Family, native in the streams and rivers of Central America. Convict Cichlid loves dwelling in slow-moving water on the bed of the rocky substrates. carbonate hardness of the water should be 180-240 ppm. Keep plants like Java Fern and Amazon Swords in the aquarium You do not necessarily need to bother much about the PH level of the water, because the Convict Cichlid is a hard fish that has learned to survive in different water conditions. They are also known to be strong swimmers who have the potential to move and rearrange the tank, therefore, anchor your water plant or use strong plants such as Java Ferns. You can change 20-25% of water if you are changing the wateronce a month. Originally and commonly, Convict Cichlid are found in the warm fresh water rivers and streams of Central America from the Costa Rica across to Panama. Convict Cichlid have a potential of adopting and giving parental care to unrelated young ones who are of the same species. When shopping for your fish, don’t use this factor to sex the fish in the tank. I have a mating pair of convicts and my female only has an orange belly when she is going to lay eggs. 2) There is a sticky topic at the top of this forum all about convicts. Language: English Location: United States Along with the maintenanceof water quality, you also need to clean the entire tank whenever it turnsdirty. Convict Cichlid are very territorial and aggressive which makes them not fit in a community tank. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); It is quite natural that the replacement process requires alot of time but it is necessary to do once in a month to maintain the qualityof the water. Try to find out less-aggressive fish in an aquarium. In their natural habitat they mostly eat plant debris, small fish, worms, mosquito larvae and small insects. In fact, it’s more than a hobby, because I’ve spent countless hours doing research on different fish species. Convict Cichlid Care, Feeding, Breeding, Tank Mates (source – CC BY-SA 4.0). Naturally, the female Convict Cichlid takes the initiative during the mating cycle. Aggression in cichlids and how to stop it - Duration: 2:50. The daily temperature for the Convict Cichlid in their natural habitat is around 26–29 °C which is 79–84 °F. The temperature of the water during the reproduction time should be 84°F. This sexual lability is a sort of plasticity that allows them to change sexes (from male to female or female to male) as … There are some cases where certain species demonstrate pigment differences between the male and female vent. This female has much more red than most Convicts. The male Convict Cichlid can grow up to 6 inches, whilst the female will grow to around 4.5 inches. Once laid, the eggs will be carefully guarded by their parents. My male doesn't have a bump on his head. However, both parents are able to perform all the tasks. So as a fish keeper, your prime duties are to keep the fish home clean, provide proper nutrition to your swimmer-companion and help them in laying eggs comfortable. However, they have learned over time to survive in a variety of water conditions. Convict Cichlid are naturally omnivorous, they eat both meat and plant matter. However, if you have the experience in fish keeping, then remember to follow rules before introducing them in a community tank. I am sure that the female is chasing the male. The aggression is evident through harassing or bitting other fish in the tank. Therefore, ensure the water temperature is around 26–29 °C. The eggs are attached on the walls of the caves or rocks. Due to their territorial and aggressive nature, it is advisable to keep them in a separate tank, or pick their tank mates carefully. Both parents remain active in taking care of the little Convict Cichlid. Free returns. The female Convict Cichlid are brighter in colour, and they develop yellow or red spots on their belly as soon as they become sexually mature. They can breed after this point. With this information, you can determine if the Convict Cichlid is suitable for your aquarium. You can put it in a separate tank after hatching to limit the level of aggression. To feed your Convict Cichlid, we recommend the pellet or flakes that are specifically produced for Cichlid. Incredibly hardy and easy to care, this Zebra-lined fish is an aggressive breed but it’s still a good pet for the beginners because of its less-demanding and adjustable nature. Black Convict Cichlids are the runt of the family. can also keep driftwood in the tank because Cichlid loves consuming the algae This is because they have a tendency to dig out the sand or substrate in the tank creating a lot of muddy and messy environment. She continues to care for them for a further week or so after they leave her mouth. If you are keeping them for breeding, then the tank should even be larger, at least a 50 gallons tank. system in the aquarium because Cichlid enjoys slow current in wild rivers. He doesn't have a bump on his head yet. It is much smaller than the other 4 and has an orange spot on its belly. In the wild river, Cichlid can live up to 20 years. $12.99. You may also set an artificial slow-current A male has longer anal and dorsal fins and as it matures, the male Pink Convict will develop a nuchal hump on its head and will grow out to be much larger than a female. Central American cichlids Using the convict cichlid as our sample organism for this group, there are several characteristics that allow you to distinguish males from females. With that said, they may end up eating the aquatic plant in the tank. For optimum space and environment, the tank should be more than 50 gallons. Convict Cichlid may appear to have a timid temperate, but looks are deceiving, because they are very aggressive. The content of this website is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The hobby of fishkeeping sounds fascinating but it is notvery easy to maintain the necessities of pet fish. Male Pink Convicts are usually pink with no red markings. These flakes and pellets are of high quality, produced to meet the all the nutrition necessities for the Cichlid. Usually, you will find a black and white Convict Cichlid, but pink and yellow Cichlids are also found with no vertical stripes in their body.