We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Similar Sasanian defensive fortifications there—massive forts, garrison towns, long walls—also run from the sea to the mountains. The memorial area is on one side of a platz in the old city center. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Derbent prospered for over 1,500 years under Persian, Arab, Turkish, Azeri, Mongol, Timurid, and Russian rule due to its position on the Silk Road and geostrategic importance as the gateway to the Caucasus. https://www.ancient.eu/image/9289/. Derbent - district center in Dagestan, 121 km South-East of Makhachkala.. Derbent is situated on the shore of Caspian Sea, at a spurs of Tabasaran Mountains - a part of Great Caucasus. Occupied by the Arabs, Persians and later the Imperial Russian empire, the city is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Maskut (also known as Mazkut, Muskur, Mazkat, Mashkut, or Maskat) is a historical region located along the western coast of the Caspian Sea, laying on today's republics of Azerbaijan and Dagestan (Russia).. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Thank you! Despite that, the emirate outlived its rival and continued to flourish at the time of the Mongol invasion in 1239. The modern name is a Persian word (دربند Darband) meaning "closed gates", which came into use in the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century CE, when the city was re-established by Kavadh I of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia. On the history of research),” in Vostochnye istochniki po istorii Dagestana (Eastern sources on the history of Dāḡestān), Makhachkala, 1980, pp. The Caliph Harun al-Rashid spent time living in Derbent and brought it into great repute as a seat of the arts and commerce. Maskut (also known as Mazkut, Muskur, Mazkat, Mashkut, or Maskat) is a historical region located along the western coast of the Caspian Sea, laying on today's republics of Azerbaijan and Dagestan (Russia).. Derbent's location on a narrow, three-kilometer strip of land in the North Caucasus between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains is strategic in the entire Caucasus region. The chronicler Movses Kagankatvatsi wrote about "the wondrous walls, for whose construction the Persian kings exhausted our country, recruiting architects and collecting building materials with a view of constructing a great edifice stretching between the Caucasus Mountains and the Great Eastern Sea." Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the Eurasian Steppe and the Middle East. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs, who transformed it in an important administrative center and introduced Islam to the area. From a small early Bronze-age settlement to one of the biggest medieval cities of the Eastern Europe, the city of Derbent has a unique urban structure. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Republic of Dagestan, Russia. 227-43. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. Derbent prospered for over 1,500 years under Persian, Arab, Turkish, Azeri, Mongol, Timurid, and Russian rule due to its position on the Silk Road and geostrategic importance as the gateway to the Caucasus. Image of brick, historical, city - 63563734 A shaort 3D tour of the Derband Wall in Dagestan Russia and the similar factor between the Wall of China and Derband Wall in Dagestan Russia English Channel Link ( … Other shrines include the 17th-century Kyrhlyar mosque, the Bala mosque and the 18th-century Chertebe mosque. The first intensive dounset in the Derbent aurie dates frae the 8t century BC; the steid wis intermittently controlled bi the Persie monarchs, stairtin frae the 6t century BC. Last modified October 01, 2018. 1927), “Only the history of free peoples is worth our attention; the history of men under a despotism is merely a collection of anecdotes.”—Sébastien-Roch Nicolas De Chamfort (17411794). Walls at Derbent. Media in category "Derbent Fortress" The following 164 files are in this category, out of 164 total. Derbent. Idem, Derbent, Moscow, 1958. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. "Walls at Derbent." During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus. Photo about Wall in Naryn-Kala fortress. Derbent is renown for its citadel (“Naryn-Kala” or “Dagh Bary” in Persian) and its imposing walls that date from the 6th century CE. Till the 4t century CE it wis pairt o Caucasie Albanie, an is tradeetionally identifee'd wi Albana, the caipital. By the 1735 Ganja treaty, Derbent fell within the Persian state. Russia. Until the 4th century CE, it was part of Caucasian Albania and is traditionally identified with Albana, the capital. Read more. In the 10th century, with the collapse of the Arab Caliphate, Derbent became the capital of an emirate. The wall still exists today and there are many different sources that claim the possible location of the Yajooj Majooj wall. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. The exact date of foundation of the city is not known for certain, but historians assume that its age is not less than 5 thousand years. This emirate often fought losing wars with the neighboring Christian state of Sarir, allowing Sarir to occasionally manipulate Derbent politics. Media in category "Derbent wall" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Narrow Pass. Today, Derbent is an outstanding monument of defense architecture. Eight Century BCE Fortifications & Early History. In 1437, it fell under the control of the Shirvanshahs of Azerbaijan. The wall, also known as the Caspian Gates, has been identified with two locations: the Pass of Derbent… The Sassanids had also brought Armenians from Syunik to help protect the pass from invaders; as Arab rule weakened in the region at the end of the ninth century, the Armenians living there were able to establish a kingdom of their own, which lasted until the early years of the thirteenth century. In Russia, Derbent claims this title in the extreme south of the European part near the border with Azerbaijan. Original image by Шамиль Магомедов. It owes its rich history to its strategic position, along the travel route between Europe and the Middle East, on the border of Europe and Asia, where the mountains of the Caucasus almost arrive at the coast leaving a narrow 3-km strip of plain. Uploaded by Ibolya Horvath, published on 01 October 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Web. Derbent is located in Russia’s Dagestan region, on the western coast of the Caspian Sea. Магомедов, Шамиль. The first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BCE; the site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BCE.