Great Zimbabwe was the first significant empire to emerge in South Africa.Named after the immense granite complex that served as its center of power, Great Zimbabwe was ruled by a hereditary monarchy of Shona elite who reached the peak of their power and influence in the mid-fifteenth century. The empire was ruled by a hereditary monarchy of elites. The ruins of Great Zimbabwe bear a unique testimony to the lost civilization of the Shona between the 11th and 15th centuries. The Great Zimbabwe was the first great empire to arise in Southern Africa. As an empire, Great Zimbabwe is fascinating in its own right. Great Zimbabwe was a prototype empire and the first of many successor states the Shona would build. And much in the same manner as German anthropologist Doctor Frobenius ignorantly mistook the kingdom of Ife in â¦ Great Zimbabwe Type of Government. What is the significance of Great Zimbabwe today? Built by the Shona (1100-1500 AD), the empire of Great Zimbabwe, one of Africa's greatest civilizations like Egypt and Meroe, stood between present-day Zimbabwe, eastern Botswana and south-east Mozambique. The Hill Complex is the oldest part of the city with pottery and burials dating to the 6th century. The Great Zimbabwe was a 720 hectare city that flourished between roughly the 10th and 15th centuries A. D. The people who built Great Zimbabwe were the Moyondizvo or the Bantu people and they lived in the bases of the country in Mapungugwe. This ancient Zimbabwe site is of tremendous cultural, political, and scientific significance. The Great Zimbabwe became the Mutapa Empire,the Kings lived with their wives, [â¦] A unique artistic achievement, this great city has struck the imagination of African and European travellers since the Middle Ages, as evidenced by the persistent legends which attribute to it a biblical origin The Hill Complex in the Great Zimbabwe. Great Zimbabwe reached its peak with 18,000 residents by the mid-14th century. Viking Runes Through Time. The kingdom of Great Zimbabwe disappeared in the 1600s and as with Thulamela and Mapungubwe there are different theories about the reasons for this event. The empire's highly developed architecture overwhelmed discoverers. The highest point of the empire was mid fifteenth century. Great Zimbabwe has major significance today. Great Zimbabwe is a clear testimony to the cultural richness of southern Africaâs past and is celebrated as an African contribution to world civilization. Image source: Wikipedia Some evidence of the peoples that inhabited the Great Zimbabwe comes from the artifacts that have been discovered in the area, including soapstone figurines, pottery, iron gongs, elaborately worked ivory, iron and copper wire, iron hoes, bronze spearheads, copper ingots and crucibles, and gold beads, bracelets, pendants and â¦ Great Zimbabwe Ruins - Past and Present. Great Zimbabwe is the largest of about 250 similarly dated mortarless stone structures in Africa, called collectively Zimbabwe Culture sites. A modern-day thatch dwelling sits amid ancient walls on the site, which lies in southeastern Zimbabwe. The ruins of Great Zimbabwe, some 300 structures, cover more than sixty acres and includes three main areas: the Hill Complex, the Great Enclosure and the Valley Ruins. The "parliament" was comprised of â¦ The Lost Inca Empire. This means the power stayed with on family. Great Zimbabwe is a massive African Iron Age settlement and dry-stone monument located near the town of Masvingo in central Zimbabwe.