State Research Center of Russia
Known as the National Research Center of the Russian Federation, “Central Scientific Research and Experimental design Institute for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics,” or RTC, the State Research Center of Russia is one of the largest research centers in the country.
The State Research Center, which is a unique test lab and pilot production, has developed research and design and a technological base. It was established as the Special Design Bureau of Technical Cybernetics, at the then Leningrad Polytechnical Institute (St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University) back in January, 1968.
In October of the same year, the center worked full time for the management system of the manned spacecraft called “soyuz.” One year later, the lab created Russia’s first integrated robotics research; LPI-1 and LPI-2. Two years after it was founded, the center created the soft landing control system and soil intake automatic station of Luna-16.
Several other notable projects followed, like the REATING systems management system, the manual docking system ARS used for Soyuz and Salyut Russia’s orbital station, the control device onboard power system for orbiting spacecrafts.
In 1977, it determined the lead organization for the special robotics. In 1981 it was renamed as the RTC, and during that year, the center created rescue data from aircraft in trouble, the Maple, the Marker and the Call.
In 1993, the center was successful in creating a system of robot controllers, the “Stork,” for reusable space system “Buran.” A decade later, it successfully managed to complete a field test of the state of Gamma-Beta-spectrometer and created the RTC-05 robot.
Now the center is transforming to become one of the major development institutes in mobile robotic systems for special apps, and for security, land, air, and water systems of radiation control and monitoring. The center has been actively collaborating with top research centers and universities like the Academy of Sciences of Russia.
Currently, the lab has been tapped by the leading businesses in the world of rocket-space industry, law enforcement departments, and industry; not only in Russia but from other leading businesses in Europe, Asia and America. Among them are Hitachi Kokusai Electric, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nissan Motor, EADS, Germany’s International science and Technology Centre, Electrolux, and the Institute of Mechatronics and Robotics, among others.